Com data posterior

Swept Source OCT - History, Evolution, and Advantages

2020.11.26 13:04 markdrkfr Swept Source OCT - History, Evolution, and Advantages

Swept Source OCT - History, Evolution, and Advantages
Swept source optical coherence tomography, also known as swept source OCT or SS-OCT, is an ophthalmic imaging technology used to diagnose and cure various diseases related to the eyes. SS in SS-OCT stands for swept source- a type of laser that is used in the device.
Swept source OCT was first introduced in the year 2012. However, owing to its advantages and usability over other imaging technologies such as Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) and Time Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (TD-OCT), it becomes a superior retinal and choroidal imaging technology in ophthalmology and other clinical fields in a very short span.
In this piece, we have discussed the history & evolution of the SS-OCT and its advantages. Take a look.

Swept Source OCT
History & Evolution of Swept Source OCT
Without a doubt, swept source OCT has positively impacted and exceptionally contributed to the research of the vitreous humor, also known as vitreous. However, it will be interesting to learn how and when it all begins. Let’s understand its journey in brief.
SS-OCT is a genre of OCT technology. OCT was first introduced in the year 1990. As expected, it has revolutionized the ophthalmology industry by providing an imaging and diagnosis technique that was superior to its previous technologies. OCT empowers eye surgeons to generate high-resolution, three-dimensional, and cross-sectional images of the posterior segment of the eye.
For decades, prior to the advent of OCT, other imaging technologies were using ultrasound waves or MRI for imaging. However, swept source OCT follows a little bit different mechanism for the same process. Unlike sound waves or MRI techniques, OCT uses light waves for imaging. The shorter wavelength of light empowers this technology to generate high-resolution, cross-sectional images with zero-delay.
Time Domain technology was the first method that was used in OCT technology. Time Domain technology uses a low-coherent light source with a changing focus point technique to generate data. Later, OCT was complemented with a new process called Spectral Domain. The spectral-domain OCT helped to produce images with a single focus point and with zero delays.
In 2012, the spectral domain was replaced by swept source technology. The resultant technology is known as swept source OCT. In SS-OCT, SS stands for swept source, a kind of laser that generates high resolution, cross-sectional images with zero delay time.
Advantages of Swept Source OCT
SS-OCT offers many advantages over other imaging technologies. Its low-coherence nature and zero delays time enable it to produce high resolution, single focus, and 3D images within a very short period. Below are some of the advantages of swept source OCT.

  1. Swept source OCT offers faster image acquisition, which helps to produce images with a wider scanning range.
  2. The deeper penetration of Swept source optical coherence tomography enable it to picture choroid, vitreous, and retinal structures behind thick preretinal or premacular hemorrhage.
  3. SS-OCT does not have sensitivity roll-off, which allows us to produce images of vitreous and choroid simultaneously.
  4. The short wavelength of light helps to generate higher resolution images.
  5. Swept source OCT’s gentle light source is also a key benefit of this technology. It makes the patient comfortable to sit still during the imaging.
Inphenix is an established manufacturer of lasers and light sources based in the USA. At present, the company offers three different variants of Swept Sources- 1060nm, 1310nm, and 1550nm windows. These swept sources are ideal for OEM integration and Swept Source OCT (SS-OCT). Check out its website to know more about its other products and services.
submitted by markdrkfr to u/markdrkfr [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 11:28 RomeVisionClinic Cataratta da Cortisone

Cataratta da Cortisone

https://preview.redd.it/e4tt2z6806161.jpg?width=750&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=c8b5168e3d21b246a3f2ca5705b4f74df53ebd82
La cataratta è una patologia oculare caratterizzata dall’opacizzazione del cristallino, essa è solitamente una condizione correlata all’invecchiamento, ma può insorgere a qualsiasi età a seguito all’utilizzo prolungato di cortisonici e in questo caso si parla di cataratta da cortisone.
I cortisonici appartengono al grande gruppo di composti chimici chiamati composti steroidei, o più semplicemente steroidi, presenti sia negli animali che nei vegetali, dove rivestono funzioni biologiche di fondamentale importanza. Il cortisonico più comune in natura è il cortisolo (o idrocortisone), da cui derivano il cortisone e il corticosterone. I cortisonici sono potenti agenti antinfiammatori e immunosoppressivi, sono i farmaci d’elezione per contrastare le infiammazioni gravi (ad es. nel caso dell’artrosi reumatoide) e per inibire le reazioni di rigetto nei pazienti che hanno subito un trapianto d’organo.
Inoltre, essi rappresentano dei veri e propri salvavita in diverse situazioni, come ad esempio nel caso dello shock anafilattico o dell’asma bronchiale.
In campo oculistico, l’effetto collaterale più comune e noto dato dall’utilizzo dei cortisonici – in particolare il cortisone, il desametasone e il prednisone – è lo sviluppo della cataratta sottocapsulare posteriore (PSC). La correlazione tra l’utilizzo prolungato di cortisonici e la formazione della PSC è nota già dagli anni ‘60 ed è valida non solo per gli steroidi somministrati per via sistemica, ma anche per quelli assunti per via topica (colliri e pomate) e per inalatoria (spray nasali, aerosol).
Esiste un “effetto dose- tempo” tra l’utilizzo di cortisonici e l’insorgenza della cataratta: più è alta la dose e prolungata la cura, più si alza la probabilità d’insorgenza della cataratta. L’effetto d’induzione della PSC sui bambini è più veloce, anche a dosaggi minori. Secondo molti ricercatori, oltre all’effetto dose va considerata anche la suscettibilità individuale, dovuta molto probabilmente a fattori genetici. Ad ogni modo, l’effetto dose dei cortisonici pone una problematica alla quale i medici devono prestare molta attenzione quando prescrivono cure a base di cortisonici ai loro pazienti, soprattutto in vista di una cura prolungata nel tempo. Data l’esistenza di una suscettibilità individuale allo stesso farmaco e di una suscettibilità diversa di uno stesso individuo a farmaci diversi, non è possibile fare una previsione sul se e sul quando la somministrazione di cortisonici darà origine a una cataratta, quindi è sempre opportuno che un paziente sotto cura steroidea si sottoponga a visite oculistiche regolari per monitorare lo stato di salute del cristallino.
La cataratta da cortisone è solitamente bilaterale e progredisce piuttosto velocemente. Quando la visione risulta talmente offuscata da rendere difficile, se non addirittura pericoloso, lo svolgimento delle normali attività quotidiane – come ad esempio scendere le scale o guidare l’auto – è necessario togliere chirurgicamente la cataratta. È importante non indugiare troppo a lungo, poiché man mano che il cristallino si opacizza, esso diventa particolarmente duro e ciò può causare l’insorgenza di complicanze durante l’intervento.
DIAGNOSI Quando si sviluppa la cataratta da cortisone l’opacizzazione del cristallino rende la visione annebbiata e, a seconda dell’entità e della localizzazione dell’opacizzazione, si possono avere impedimenti visivi anche molto significativi. Oltre alla visione annebbiata, altri sintomi tipici della cataratta sono: visione sbiadita, percezione alterata dei colori, perdita di contrasto, aumentata sensibilità alla luce, abbagliamento, difficoltà nella visione notturna, necessità di maggiore illuminazione durante la lettura, visione sdoppiata. Gli esami strumentali necessari durante una visita oculistica approfondita per diagnosticare ed in caso stabilire il giusto momento in cui sottoporsi all’intervento chirurgico di cataratta sono: lo IOL Master che fornisce vari parametri anatomici come la lunghezza del bulbo oculare e la profondità della camera anteriore (cioè la distanza tra cornea e cristallino), nella quale si dovrà accedere con gli strumenti chirurgici durante l’intervento, la Pentacam (topografia, pachimetria e biometria no-contact) che misura lo spessore, la curvatura della cornea e la struttura anatomica angolare, l’ecografia A-Scan che serve a valutare la grandezza e la durezza del cristallino, la tomografia a coerenza ottica (OCT) ad alta risoluzione che analizza ogni singolo strato retinico per vedere che non ci siano patologie retiniche prima dell’intervento chirurgico, che potrebbero complicarsi per un effetto infiammatorio legato alla sua esecuzione nel periodo post operatorio, ed infine l’ecografia B-Scan che mostra se il cristallino è ben posizionato e adeso per tutti i sui 360° all’apparato sospensore (zonula) del corpo ciliare e se non esistono al momento dell’intervento trazioni vitreo retiniche tali da costituire un fattore di rischio accessorio.

Per maggiori informazioni sul trattamento clicca qui.
submitted by RomeVisionClinic to u/RomeVisionClinic [link] [comments]


2020.11.22 00:27 fitclubmark Book Review: The Refuge Method (w/ discussion comparing it with Mason's Conjugate Strongman Article on EliteFTS and my own adaptations)

Hi everyone,
I've been doing a lot of work lately in improving my own workouts coupled with my nutrition to help me get better than ever as I've been spinning my wheels for quite sometime.
Reviewing my old training logs and data, I was at my best pound-for-pound strength running conjugate as well as engaging in carb cycling. I'm doing both now as well as additional cardio and both the mirror and weights on the bar have been agreeing with the change.
Conjugate definitely is a contentious way of training, but I am a big fan of the approach and honestly believe it works better for Strongman than it does for Powerlifting.
I'll spare the typical "I'm so smart" exposition on conjugate vs concurrent vs Westside and instead wanted to share my opinions on The Refuge Method by ASC Pro Strongman Derek Stone.
The book is available here for only $10 as of writing this.
I don't want to give away the entire program, so I'm going to speak on it in very, very broad strokes.
PROGRAM LAYOUT
The program uses a 4-day split consisting of the following days, which I've laid out below with a rough idea of what to expect.
Day 1 - Dynamic Effort Upper
Speed Bench w/ Bands
Strict Press Variation for Low Volume
Pressing Variations for Volume
Arm Work
Day 2 - Max Effort Lower
Max Effort Squat or Deadlift
Opposite of Max Effort Lift for Low Volume
Posterior Chain and Core Work
Day 3 - Max Effort Upper
Max Effort Bench Variation
Tricep-dominant Exercise
Upper Back Work
Day 4 - Event Day
[Intentionally left vague]
THOUGHTS ON THE PROGRAM/COMPARISON TO ANOTHER SOURCE
The biggest difference between this and your typical conjugate template, such as the EXCELLENT one written by u/MasonNowa available here is the removal of the lower body dynamic effort day in favor of training events. Mason's program is, in my opinion, the best FREE Conjugate Strongman programming article out there.
Speak on a personal level, I think the change of dropping lower DE is very useful as it increases one's specificity to Strongman and will closer match the demands of the sport as you will be training multiple events in one day, to simulate the added fatigue. On a personal level as well, I like this approach since I'm honestly a bit lazy with event training, but having them specific to a day makes me more invested in them.
Comparing the two programs as well, I think a quick and easy approach is to look at Refuge as more of a preparatory cycle, whereas I'd use Mason's as more of an off-season block due to the much higher overall volume and subsequent necessary reduction in intensity.
At day's end, Conjugate is a billion programs at once, so it's up to the lifter to adapt and create their own system within the framework.
OVERALL IMPRESSION
Honestly, for ten bucks this program is more than worth it. The template and ideas contained in it have helped me figure out how to best train for myself and rekindle some of my passion.
submitted by fitclubmark to Strongman [link] [comments]


2020.11.21 19:44 yLgyTvT47r Tracking and forecasting 5950x prices on eBay

I wanted to examine the trend in eBay sales prices for 5950x's so that I could make a guess on when I'll be able to get one. I figure that once auction prices drop past a certain point, scalpers will no longer be making enough money and botting will diminsh.
I scraped the final sales prices for 5950x's sold on eBay from watchcount.com (n=225 as of this morning). There was an initial upward bump followed by an ongoing slow decay, so I fit a mass-spring-damper model with normally distributed errors to the data using Stan, with wide priors centered on the MLE. I also projected the fit forward two months to see what the future might look like.
The figure below shows the results. Data points are the dots, and the curves are 30 draws from the posterior. Projections are in red. The vertical dotted line is midnight launch day. The lower horizontal line is MSRP. I added another horizontal line at MSRP + $100 as an initial guess on when scalpers might stop. I assume they attribute some negative value to wait times, nonpayment risk, etc, so I presume the no-more-scalping threshold is a bit higher than MSRP. Based on these assumptions, it looks like the trend will cross this threshold around January 6th +/- 12 days.
https://imgur.com/v7QYxUQ
Notes, Limitations:
If you're a scalper I'd like to hear from you on your threshold for "this is no longer worth scalping". Is my "MSRP + $100" guess reasonable?
submitted by yLgyTvT47r to Amd [link] [comments]


2020.11.16 15:45 mikegartrell [N] Upcoming talks for Laplace’s Demon: A Seminar Series about Bayesian Machine Learning at Scale

We have three upcoming talks for our ongoing online seminar series about Bayesian machine learning at scale. The intended audience includes machine learning practitioners and statisticians from academia and industry.

Upcoming talks, with Zoom registration links:
This coming Wednesday, 18 Nov
Interpreting Bayesian Deep Neural Networks Through Variable Importance - Sarah Filippi
While the success of deep neural networks is well-established across a variety of domains, our ability to explain and interpret these methods is limited. Unlike previously proposed local methods which try to explain particular classification decisions, we focus on global interpretability and ask a generally applicable, yet understudied, question: given a trained model, which input features are the most important? In the context of neural networks, a feature is rarely important on its own, so our strategy is specifically designed to leverage partial covariance structures and incorporate variable interactions into our proposed feature ranking. Here, we extend the recently proposed ``RelATive cEntrality'' (RATE) measure proposed by Crawford et al (2018) to the Bayesian deep learning setting. Given a trained network, RATE applies an information theoretic criterion to the posterior distribution of effect sizes to assess feature significance. Importantly, unlike competing approaches, our method does not require tuning parameters which can be costly and difficult to select.
2 Dec
The Surprisingly Overlooked Efficiency of Sequential Monte Carlo (and how to make it even more efficient) - Nicolas Chopin
SMC (Sequential Monte Carlo) samplers present clear several advantages over MCMC (Markov chain Monte Carlo). In particular, they require little tuning (or more precisely, it is easy to automate their tuning to a given problem); they are easy to parallelize; and they allow for estimating the marginal likelihood of the target distribution. In this talk, I will discuss how SMC may be used in various problems in machine learning and computational statistics, and why they remain slightly overlooked in these areas. One possible reason (among several others) is that the following difficulty with SMC samplers may have been overlooked in the literature: that, to obtain optimal performance, one may need to apply a large number of MCMC steps at each iteration. I will also present a recent paper (joint work with Hai-Dang Dau) where we develop a new type of SMC sampler, where all the intermediate Markov steps are used as "particles". That makes the resulting algorithm typically more efficient, and more importantly much more robust to user choices, and thus ultimately easier to use.
16 Dec
On MCMC for variationally sparse Gaussian process: A pseudo-marginal approach - Sara Wade
Gaussian processes (GPs) are frequently used in machine learning and statistics to construct powerful models. However, when employing GPs in practice, important considerations must be made, regarding the high computational burden, approximation of the posterior, form of the covariance function and inference of its hyperparmeters. To address these issues, Hensman et al. (2015) combine variationally sparse GPs with Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) to derive a scalable, flexible, and general framework for GP models. Nevertheless, the resulting approach requires intractable likelihood evaluations for many observation models. To bypass this problem, we propose a pseudo-marginal (PM) scheme that offers asymptotically exact inference as well computational gains through doubly stochastic estimators for the intractable likelihood and large datasets. In complex models, the advantages of the PM scheme are particularly evident, and we demonstrate this on a two-level GP regression model with a nonparametric covariance function to capture non-stationarity.
Past talks can be found here.
submitted by mikegartrell to MachineLearning [link] [comments]


2020.11.13 11:25 melisaxinyue Extracción de Datos Dinámicos en Tiempo Real

Extracción de Datos Dinámicos en Tiempo Real
El mundo digital en el que vivimos está creando constantemente un flujo de datos cada vez mayor. La utilización de big data dinámico se ha convertido en la clave del análisis de datos para las empresas.
En este artículo, responderemos las siguientes preguntas:
- ¿Por qué es importante capturar datos dinámicos?
- ¿Cómo los datos dinámicos promueven el crecimiento empresarial de manera efectiva?
- Y el más importante, ¿cómo podemos acceder fácilmente a los datos dinámicos?

https://preview.redd.it/7dm5016shzy51.png?width=829&format=png&auto=webp&s=d16d7b28acb92a98a9070c7386e9e6d45f8a33dc
¿Por qué es tan importante capturar datos dinámicos?
En términos generales, puede ver mejor y actuar más rápido al monitorear constantemente los flujos de datos dinámicos. Para decirlo más específicamente, obtener datos dinámicos puede ayudar:
Tome decisiones basadas en datos más rápido
La captura de datos dinámicos lo equipa con información en tiempo real sobre las nuevas tendencias en el mercado y sus competidores. Con toda la información actualizada a mano, puede reducir en gran medida la diferencia horaria entre actualizaciones de productos. En otras palabras, puede obtener información basada en datos y tomar decisiones basadas en datos de manera más rápida y fácil.
Así como Jeff Bezos, CEO de Amazon, lo expresó en una carta a los accionistas, "La velocidad es importante en los negocios". La "toma de decisiones a alta velocidad" es de gran importancia para el desarrollo empresarial.
Construye una base de datos más poderosa
A medida que el volumen de datos sigue creciendo en el mundo digital actual, el valor vinculado a cada pieza de datos ha disminuido drásticamente. Para mejorar la calidad de la analítica de datos y la validez de las decisiones, las empresas necesitan construir una base de datos integral y de alto volumen mediante la extracción continua de datos dinámicos.
Los datos son un activo urgente. Cuanto más antigua es la información, más difícil es recopilarla. A medida que el número de información se duplica cada año en tamaño y velocidad, se vuelve sin precedentes crucial realizar un seguimiento de los datos cambiantes para su posterior análisis.
En términos generales, la recopilación de datos a corto plazo ayuda a detectar problemas recientes y a tomar pequeñas decisiones, mientras que la recopilación de datos a largo plazo puede ayudarlo a identificar tendencias y patrones para establecer objetivos comerciales a largo plazo.
Establecer un sistema adaptativo y analítico.
El objetivo final del análisis de datos es construir un sistema analítico de datos adaptativo y autónomo, para analizar los problemas de forma continua. No hay duda de que un sistema analítico adaptativo se basa en la recopilación automática de datos dinámicos. En este caso, ahorra tiempo en la construcción de modelos analíticos cada vez y elimina los factores humanos en el ciclo. La conducción autónoma de automóviles es un gran ejemplo de una solución analítica adaptativa.
¿Cómo los datos dinámicos promueven el crecimiento empresarial de manera efectiva?
Podemos aplicar análisis de datos dinámicos en muchos aspectos, para facilitar el desarrollo empresarial, que incluyen:
Monitoreo del producto
La información del producto, como los precios, la descripción, las opiniones de los clientes, la imagen, están disponibles en los mercados en línea y se actualizan periódicamente. Por ejemplo, una investigación de mercado previa al lanzamiento se puede realizar fácilmente recuperando información del producto en Amazon o scraping los precios de eBay.
La extracción de información dinámica también le permite evaluar la posición competitiva de los productos y desarrollar estrategias para fijar precios y almacenar de manera efectiva. Puede ser un método confiable y efectivo para monitorear las acciones de la competencia en el mercado.
Gestión de la Experiencia del Cliente
Las empresas están cada vez más atentas a la gestión de la experiencia del cliente que nunca. Según la definición de Gartner, es "la práctica de diseñar y reaccionar a las interacciones del cliente para cumplir o superar las expectativas del cliente, por lo tanto, aumentar la satisfacción del cliente, la lealtad y la defensa".
Por ejemplo, extraer todas las reseñas de un producto en Amazon puede ayudar a descifrar cómo se sienten los clientes sobre el producto mediante el análisis de los comentarios positivos y negativos. Esto es útil para comprender las necesidades de los clientes, así como para conocer el nivel de satisfacción de un cliente en tiempo real.
Estrategias de marketing
El análisis dinámico de datos le permite saber qué estrategia funcionó mejor en el pasado, si la estrategia de marketing actual funciona bien y qué mejoras se pueden hacer. La extracción de datos dinámicos le permite evaluar el éxito de una estrategia de marketing en tiempo real y realizar ajustes precisos en consecuencia.
¿Cómo podemos acceder fácilmente a los datos dinámicos?
Para recopilar datos dinámicos de manera oportuna y continua, copiar y pegar manualmente tradicional ya no es práctico. Una herramienta de web scraping fácil de usar podría ser la solución óptima en este caso con las siguientes ventajas:
Codificación libre
Con una herramienta de web scraping, no necesita tener conocimientos previos de programación. Scraping datos dinámicos de la web es fácil de lograr para cualquier persona y cualquier empresa.
Funciona para todo tipo de sitios web.
Los diferentes sitios web tienen diferentes estructuras, por lo que incluso un programador experimentado necesita estudiar la estructura de un sitio web antes de escribir los guiones. Pero se puede usar una herramienta de raspado web potente para extraer de diferentes sitios web de forma rápida y fácil, ahorrándole toneladas de tiempo al estudiar los diferentes sitios web.
Extracciones datos programadas
Esto requiere que la herramienta de web scraping sea compatible con la operación en la nube, en lugar de ejecutarse solo en una máquina local. De esta forma, el raspador (scraper) puede ejecutarse para extraer datos de acuerdo con su programación preferida automáticamente.
Octoparse Extracción en la Nube de puede hacer más que eso.
Horario flexible
La extracción en la nube de Octoparse admite el scraping de datos web en cualquier momento y con cualquier frecuencia según sus necesidades.

https://preview.redd.it/ggpx9p4vhzy51.png?width=515&format=png&auto=webp&s=fda4dc04f45984e728dbef1f732767b15beb01fe
Mayor velocidad para la recopilación de datos.
Con 6-20 servidores en la nube trabajando simultáneamente, el mismo conjunto de datos puede acelerar hasta 6-20 veces más rápido que si se ejecuta en una máquina local.
Eficiencia de costo
Octoparse extracción en la nube admite el funcionamiento del scraper y el almacenamiento de datos dinámicos en la nube, sin preocuparse por el alto costo de mantenimiento del hardware o la interrupción de la red.
Además, un costo 50% menor en comparación con servicios similares en el mercado, Octoparse se dedica a mejorar el valor del análisis de datos, equipando a todos con acceso asequible a Big Data. extracción en la nube admite el funcionamiento del scraper y el almacenamiento de datos dinámicos en la nube, sin preocuparse por el alto costo de mantenimiento del hardware o la interrupción de la red.

https://preview.redd.it/gx9swf3whzy51.png?width=585&format=png&auto=webp&s=56dc81b1285a9eba7a96a886eac630d9dc4e301f
API, personaliza tus feeds de datos
Aunque los datos de la nube se pueden exportar a nuestra base de datos automáticamente, con API, puede mejorar mucho la flexibilidad de los datos exportados a su propio sistema.
Lo que necesita saber es que la API en Octoparse tiene dos tipos: Octoparse API y Advanced API. El primero, en el Plan Estándar, admite la gestión de datos. Este último está bajo el plan profesional, admite la gestión de tareas y la gestión de datos.
¡Descargue Octoparse hoy para potenciar sus conocimientos empresariales con datos dinámicos!
Author: Surie M.(Octoparse Team)
Artículos relacionados
Programar extracción en la nube
Extraer precios de eBay
Scraping Reseñas en Amazon
Scrape los tweets de Twitter
submitted by melisaxinyue to u/melisaxinyue [link] [comments]


2020.11.13 11:02 melisaxinyue Top 5 Herramientas de Web Scraping Comentario

Top 5 Herramientas de Web Scraping Comentario
El web scraping (también conocido como raspado web, extracción de datos web) significa extraer datos de websites. Por lo general, hay dos opciones para que los usuarios rastreen sitios web. Podemos construir nuestros propios rastreadores codificando o utilizando API públicas.
Alternativamente, el web scraping también se puede hacer con un software automatizado de web scraping, que se refiere a un proceso automatizado implementado usando un bot o un rastreador web. Los datos extraídos de las páginas web se pueden exportar a varios formatos o a diferentes tipos de bases de datos para su posterior análisis.
Hay muchas herramientas de web scraping en el mercado. En esta publicación, me gustaría compartir con ustedes algunos populares raspadores (scrapers) automáticos que la gente le da una calificación alta y tendré un repaso de sus respectivos servicios destacados.
1. Visual Web Ripper

https://preview.redd.it/mvwgzmqkdzy51.png?width=736&format=png&auto=webp&s=319c966856f53b3dc5bf19f30a75292e0d64e727
Visual Web Ripper es una herramienta de web scraping automatizada con una variedad de características. Funciona bien para ciertos sitios web difíciles de scraping con técnicas avanzadas, como ejecutar scripts que requieren usuarios con habilidades de programación.
Esta herramienta de scraping tiene una interfaz interactiva fácil de usar para ayudar a los usuarios a comprender el proceso operativo básico rápidamente. Las características destacadas incluyen:
Extrae varios formatos de datos
Visual Web Ripper puede hacer frente a diseños de bloques difíciles, especialmente para algunos elementos web que se muestran en la página web sin una asociación HTML directa.
AJAX
Visual Web Ripper es capaz de extraer los datos proporcionados por AJAX.
Necesario Iniciar Sesión
Los usuarios pueden extraer sitios web que requieren inicio de sesión primero.
Formatos de Exportación de datos
CSV, Excel, XML, SQL Server, MySQL, SQLite, Oracle y OleDB, salida de archivo de script C# o VB personalizado (si se programa adicionalmente)
IP proxy servers
Proxy para ocultar la dirección IP
A pesar de que ofrece tantas funcionalidades, todavía no ha brindado a los usuarios un servicio basado en la nube. Eso significa que los usuarios solo pueden tener esta aplicación instalada en la máquina local y ejecutarla localmente, lo que puede limitar la escala de raspado y la eficiencia cuando se trata de una mayor demanda de raspado de datos.
Debugger
Visual Web Ripper tiene un depurador que ayuda a los usuarios a construir agentes confiables donde algunos problemas pueden resolverse de manera efectiva.
[Pricing]
Visual Web Ripper cobra a los usuarios de $ 349 a $ 2090 según el número de asiento del usuario suscrito. El mantenimiento durará 6 meses. Específicamente, los usuarios que compraron un solo asiento ($349) solo pueden instalar y usar esta aplicación en una sola computadora. De lo contrario, los usuarios tendrán que pagar el doble o más para ejecutarlo en otros dispositivos. Si acepta este tipo de estructura de precios, Visual Web Ripper podría aparecer en sus opciones.

https://preview.redd.it/vvwrq6hmdzy51.png?width=533&format=png&auto=webp&s=704b7d618c764fefe3aa78bde81503fb5d0751a2
2. Octoparse

https://preview.redd.it/05qmfrbndzy51.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=08534670cca42d156e91458c76a8312dbedeb166
Octoparse es un web scraping de escritorio completo y sin codificación con muchas características sobresalientes.
Proporciona a los usuarios herramientas integradas útiles y fáciles de usar.Los datos se pueden extraer de sitios web difíciles o agresivos que son difíciles de rastrear.
Su interfaz de usuario está diseñada de manera lógica, lo que la hace muy fácil de usar. Los usuarios no tendrán problemas para localizar ninguna función. Además, Octoparse visualiza el proceso de extracción utilizando un diseñador de flujo de trabajo para ayudar a los usuarios a estar al tanto del proceso de scraping para cualquier tarea. Octoparse soporta:
Bloqueo de Anuncios
El bloqueo de anuncios optimizará las tareas al reducir el tiempo de carga y la cantidad de solicitudes HTTP.
AJAX Setting
Octoparse puede extraer datos proporcionados por AJAX y establecer el tiempo de espera.
XPath Tool
Los usuarios pueden modificar XPath para localizar elementos web con mayor precisión utilizando la herramienta XPath proporcionada por Octoparse.
Regular Expression Tool
Los usuarios pueden cambiar el formato de la salida de datos extraídos con la herramienta Regex incorporada de Octoparse. Ayuda a generar una expresión regular coincidente automáticamente.
Formatos de Exportación de datos
CSV, Excel, XML, SQL Server, MySQL, SQLite, Oracle, y OleDB
IP proxy servers
Proxy para ocultar la dirección IP
Cloud Service
Octoparse ofrece un servicio basado en la nube. Acelera la extracción de datos, de 4-10 veces más rápido que la extracción local. Una vez que los usuarios usan Cloud Extraction, se asignarán de 4 a 10 servidores en la nube para trabajar en sus tareas de extracción. Liberará a los usuarios del mantenimiento prolongado y de ciertos requisitos de hardware.
API Access
Los usuarios pueden crear su propia API que devolverá datos formateados como cadenas XML.
[Precio]
Octoparse es de uso gratuito si no elige utilizar el Cloud Service. El raspado ilimitado de páginas es excelente en comparación con todos los otros raspadores en el mercado. Sin embargo, si desea considerar el uso de su Cloud Service para un raspado más sofisticado, ofrece dos ediciones pagas:Estándar Plan y Profesional Plan.
Ambas ediciones ofrecen un excelente servicio de scraping.

https://preview.redd.it/ymibthnqdzy51.png?width=447&format=png&auto=webp&s=198200d45ea10f5f195557ec34a9e0bb8adfb359
Edición estándar: $75 por mes cuando se factura anualmente, o $89 por mes cuando se factura mensualmente.
Standard Edition ofrece todas las funciones destacadas.
Número de tareas en el Grupo de tareas: 100
Servidores en la nube: 6
Edición profesional: $158 por mes cuando se factura anualmente, o $189 por mes cuando se factura mensualmente.
Professional Edition ofrece todas las funciones destacadas.
Número de tareas en el Grupo de tareas: 200
Servidores en la nube: 14
Para concluir, Octoparse es un software de scraping rico en características con precios razonables.
3. Mozenda

https://preview.redd.it/sctbraardzy51.png?width=754&format=png&auto=webp&s=99bfad3ca129dbce7e3965f4145cccc4747111e7
Mozenda es un servicio de web scraping basado en la nube. Proporciona muchas funciones útiles para la extracción de datos. Los usuarios pueden subir datos extraídos al almacenamiento en la nube.
Extrae varios formatos de datos
Mozenda puede extraer muchos tipos de formatos de datos. Sin embargo, no es tan fácil cuando se trata de datos con diseño de datos irregular.
Regex Setting
Los usuarios pueden normalizar los resultados de los datos extraídos utilizando Regex Editor dentro de Mozenda. Es posible que deba aprender a escribir una expresión regular.
Formatos de Exportación de datos
Puede soportar varios tipos de transformación de datos exportación.
AJAX Setting
Mozenda puede extraer datos proporcionados por AJAX y establecer el tiempo de espera.
[Pricing]
Los usuarios de Mozenda pagan por Créditos de Página (Page Credits), que es el número de solicitudes individuales a un sitio web para cargar una página web. Cada plan de suscripción incluye un número fijo de páginas en el precio del paquete mensual. Eso significa que las páginas web fuera del rango de los números de página limitados se cobrarán adicionalmente. Y el almacenamiento en la nube varía según las diferentes ediciones. Se ofrecen dos ediciones para Mozenda:
https://preview.redd.it/slcdsc2sdzy51.png?width=448&format=png&auto=webp&s=23b22d39f9e284e95fdc4781aa4e6dc09d56537b
4. Import.io

https://preview.redd.it/qpi6ropsdzy51.png?width=869&format=png&auto=webp&s=d5abfc491152ce513b5a6e03a453810bdc56ecb4
Import.io es una plataforma basada en la web para extraer datos de sitios web sin escribir ningún código. Los usuarios pueden construir sus extractores con puntos y clics, luego Import.io extraerá automáticamente los datos de las páginas web en un conjunto de datos estructurado.
Autenticación
Extraer datos de detrás de un nombre de usuario/contraseña
Cloud Service
Use la plataforma SaaS para almacenar los datos que se extraen.
La adquisición de datos paralelos se distribuye automáticamente a través de una arquitectura de nube escalable
API Access
Integración con Google Sheets, Excel, Tableau y muchos otros.
[Pricing]
Import.io cobra a los suscriptores en función de la cantidad de consultas de extracción por mes, por lo que los usuarios deberían calcular mejor el número de consultas de extracción antes de suscribirse. (Una sola consulta equivale a una sola URL de página).
Import.io ofrece tres ediciones pagas:

https://preview.redd.it/p9v1tkctdzy51.png?width=398&format=png&auto=webp&s=33725d3eddded0c1a8acd096c6f3bd4f1c0f0dee
Edición esencial: $199 por mes cuando se factura anualmente, o $299 por mes cuando se factura mensualmente.
Essential Edition ofrece todas las funciones destacadas.
Essential Edition ofrece a los usuarios hasta 10,000 consultas por mes.
Edición profesional: $349 por mes cuando se factura anualmente, o $499 por mes cuando se factura mensualmente.
Professional Edition ofrece todas las funciones destacadas.
Professional Edition ofrece a los usuarios hasta 50,000 consultas por mes.
Edición Enterprise: $699 por mes cuando se factura anualmente, o $ 999 por mes cuando se factura mensualmente.
Enterprise Edition ofrece todas las funciones destacadas.
Enterprise Edition ofrece a los usuarios hasta 400,000 consultas por mes.
5. Content Grabber

https://preview.redd.it/bysnspxtdzy51.png?width=928&format=png&auto=webp&s=60f7bbc774a22f0719a6d68fd4f1fcac1ae6b9fa
Content Grabber es una de las herramientas de web scraping con más funciones. Es más adecuado para personas con habilidades avanzadas de programación, ya que ofrece muchas interfaces potentes de edición de scripts y depuración. Los usuarios pueden usar C# o VB.NET para escribir expresiones regulares en lugar de generar la expresión coincidente utilizando la herramienta Regex incorporada, como Octoparse. Las características cubiertas en Content Grabber incluyen:
Debugger
Content Grabber tiene un depurador que ayuda a los usuarios a construir agentes confiables donde los problemas se pueden resolver de manera efectiva.
Integración de Visual Studio 2013
Content Grabber puede integrarse con Visual Studio 2013 para las funciones más potentes de edición de guiones, depuración y pruebas unitarias.
Custom Display Templates (Plantillas de Visualización Personalizadas)
Las plantillas de visualización HTML personalizadas le permiten eliminar estos mensajes promocionales y agregar sus propios diseños a las pantallas, lo que le permite efectivamente etiquetar a su agente autónomo.
Interfaz de programación
Content Grabber API se puede utilizar para agregar capacidades de automatización web a sus propias aplicaciones web y de escritorio. La API web requiere acceso al Grabber Windows service, que forma parte del software Content Grabber y debe instalarse en el servidor web o en un servidor accesible para el servidor web.
[Precio]
Content Grabber ofrece dos métodos de compra:
https://preview.redd.it/avgd7npudzy51.png?width=756&format=png&auto=webp&s=3d557291a5df9d1ed3c2a58bf3fa1dbb8ad6b024
Compra licencia: Comprar cualquier licencia de Content Grabber directamente le otorga una licencia perpetua.
Para los usuarios con licencia, hay tres ediciones disponibles para que los usuarios compren:
Edición del Servidor:Esta edición básica solo proporciona a los usuarios editores de agente limitados. El costo total es de $449.
Edición de profesión: Sirve a los usuarios con el Editor de agentes con todas las funciones. Sin embargo, API no está disponible. El precio es de $995.
Edición Premium: Esta edición avanzada proporciona todos los servicios destacados dentro de Content Grabber. Sin embargo, también cobra un poco más con un precio de $2495.
Suscripción mensual:
A los usuarios que se suscriban a una suscripción mensual se les cobrará por adelantado cada mes por la edición que elijan.
Para los suscriptores, también hay las mismas tres ediciones para que los usuarios compren:
Edición del Servidor:
Esta edición básica solo proporciona a los usuarios editores de agente limitados. El costo total es de $69 por mes.
Edición de Profesión:
Sirve a los usuarios con el Editor de agentes con todas las funciones. Sin embargo, API no está disponible. El precio es de $149 por mes.
Edición Premium:
Esta edición avanzada proporciona todos los servicios destacados dentro de Content Grabber. Sin embargo, también cobra un poco más con un precio de $299.
Conclusión
En esta publicación, se evaluaron 5 programas automatizados de web scraping desde varias perspectivas. La mayoría de estos scrapers pueden satisfacer las necesidades básicas de scraping de los usuarios. Algunas de estas herramientas scrapers, como Octoparse, Content Grabber, incluso han proporcionado una funcionalidad más avanzada para ayudar a los usuarios a extraer resultados coincidentes de sitios web difíciles utilizando sus herramientas Regex, XPath y servidores proxy integrados.
No se sugiere que los usuarios sin habilidades de programación ejecuten scripts personalizados (Visual Web Ripper, Content Grabber, etc.). De todos modos, el scraper que elija cualquier usuario depende totalmente de sus requisitos individuales. Asegúrese de tener una comprensión general de las características de un scraper antes de suscribirse.
Consulte el cuadro de comparación de características a continuación si está pensando seriamente en suscribirse a un proveedor de servicios de extracción de datos. ¡Feliz búsqueda de datos!

https://preview.redd.it/rku96hgvdzy51.png?width=775&format=png&auto=webp&s=c0ba0fec0a33ba5940d2fe5e6ed8fe23d2fade7d
submitted by melisaxinyue to u/melisaxinyue [link] [comments]


2020.11.13 10:48 melisaxinyue 25 Maneras de Web Scraping Técnicas para Crecer Negocio

25 Maneras de Web Scraping Técnicas para Crecer Negocio
Todos sabemos lo importante que son los datos hoy en día. Cómo podemos maximizar el valor de los datos web para nuestros mejores intereses. Web Scraping es el proceso de obtener datos de cualquier sitio web en un formato estructurado como CSV y Excel. Le ahorra un valioso tiempo dedicado a las tareas para concentrarse en lo que realmente importa al automatizar todo el proceso.
Describí las 25 formas más populares de hacer crecer su negocio con el web scraping. Estoy seguro de que te dará un impulso y generará algunas ideas.
Tabla de contenidos

Marketing
Es difícil concebir ideas notables para sus próximas publicaciones de blog para superar a sus competidores. Deje de perder el tiempo mirando las páginas de resultados de búsqueda de Google. Puede raspar toda la información, incluidos los resultados de búsqueda de Google, en una sola hoja de cálculo. A continuación, obtenga una idea general de qué tema es más probable que se clasifique y cómo se ven sus títulos y descripciones.

  • Monitoreo Competitivo:
El monitoreo competitivo generalmente necesita obtener datos de varios sitios web al mismo tiempo. Para mantener el ritmo, es posible que también deba extraer la información de forma regular. Las herramientas de raspado web como Octoparse automatizan todo el proceso de extracción de datos.

  • Generación líder:
Los leads son muy importantes para que cualquier negocio sobreviva. Si está listo para escalar, está en juego la necesidad de más clientes potenciales. Deje de quemar su dinero por clientes potenciales que no pueden convertir. Las Web scraping tools pueden scrape datos en los sitios web.

  • SEO Monitoring:
Supervisar los esfuerzos de SEO mediante la extracción de palabras clave relacionadas con resultados y clasificaciones. El web scraping le permite comprender por qué y cómo los competidores pueden superar su posición.

  • Monitoreo de Marca:
Mantener su imagen en línea puede ser tedioso ya que tiene que mirar la pantalla todo el día. Puede obtener publicaciones y comentarios negativos y positivos en tiempo real. Además, puede ayudarlo a detectar mensajes de fraude a tiempo.

https://preview.redd.it/pxmfx0abbzy51.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=27d179ec444fc36bbd48562d25585bb7a39b521c

Comercio Electrónico y Venta Minorista


Es difícil mantener a los clientes cuando aumenta el precio, pero es necesario reducir el costo marginal y elevar las ganancias. ¿Cuál es el precio perfecto para su producto? Aquí es donde entra en juego el web scraping. Puede extraer precios con la misma información de diferentes fuentes. A continuación, preste atención a las estrategias de precios implementadas por otros. ¿Ellos tienen algún evento de promoción? ¿Reducen sus precios?

  • Cumplimiento de MAP:
Cuando tiene múltiples canales de distribución en diferentes tiendas y países, es difícil administrar la forma en que fijan el precio de su producto. Con la ayuda del raspado web, los fabricantes pueden extraer información de productos y precios. Por lo tanto, es mucho más fácil detectar quién viola el MAP.

  • Inteligencia de Producto:
Descubrir el producto más vendido es un desafío. La extracción de datos web automatiza el proceso para extraer las listas y categorías de productos, lo que proporciona información sobre los productos más vendidos. Además, la recopilación de información del producto nos beneficiaría para tomar buenas decisiones sobre el surtido de productos.

Data Science


  • Procesamiento Natural del Lenguaje:
Apuesto a que estás familiarizado con el término PNL. En la mayoría de los casos, NLP se utiliza como un medio para analizar el sentimiento del cliente. el raspado web es la mejor manera de proporcionar un flujo continuo de datos para alimentar el algoritmo hambriento de ideas.

  • Modelos de Entrenamiento de Aprendizaje Automático:
El aprendizaje automático es una palabra de moda en estos días. Básicamente, implica que arrojamos un montón de datos al modelo. Luego, el modelo estudiará el modelo y construirá su propia lógica.. Cuantos más datos le asignes, más preciso será el resultado que genere. En este sentido, la extracción de datos web es ideal para extraer datos valiosos de múltiples fuentes a escala en un corto período de tiempo.

  • Análisis Predictivo:
Web scraping juega un papel importante en el análisis predictivo, ya que recoge los datos para predecir y pronosticar las tendencias. La predicción precisa ayuda a las empresas a estimar el mercado futuro, descubrir riesgos imprevistos y obtener una ventaja competitiva.

https://preview.redd.it/f2kn6n2cbzy51.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=2ba68d9762e2562068d1ccb7e3c772bbf56b608f

Equidad e Investigación Financiera


  • Agregación de Noticias:
Recopilar y mantener artículos de noticias en todo el periódico es una tarea difícil. Puede utilizar la herramienta de extracción de datos para recopilar artículos de noticias. Mejor aún, puede crear una fuente de nicho para sus lectores con información actualizada al buscar fuentes RSS de diferentes blogs.

La industria de los fondos de cobertura es uno de los primeros en adoptar la extracción de datos web para evaluar los riesgos de inversión y las posibles oportunidades comerciales. A partir de hoy, las empresas de inversión tienden a gastar más dinero en obtener los datos para guiar las decisiones de inversión.

  • Estado Financiero::
Recopilar estados financieros de muchos recursos en un formato estructurado puede ser un trabajo bastante desalentador. Revisar manualmente cientos de miles de documentos para su análisis puede retrasarlo. No funcionará en un entorno de trabajo acelerado como el departamento de finanzas. El web scraping puede recopilar automáticamente informes financieros en formatos utilizables, por lo que se pueden tomar decisiones de inversión importantes a tiempo.

  • Investigación de Mercado:
Lleve a cabo una exhaustiva investigación de marketing que pueda ayudar al equipo de marketing con una planificación más efectiva. Extracción de datos web facilita la obtención de datos de múltiples sitios de redes sociales para obtener información y alimentar su estrategia de marketing.
Periodismo de Datos
No es escribir un informe de noticias que lo dificulta, sino descubrir la verdad. Eso es lo que hace que los periodistas basados en datos sean notables. Utilizan el enfoque científico para analizar los datos y la información. La extracción de datos web les brinda a los periodistas la capacidad de crear su propia base de datos con información recopilada, lo que les permite descubrir nuevas historias de Internet.

Academic

Todos hemos estado allí -- recorra página por página de Google Academic solo para recopilar suficiente información para escribir la tarea. El web scraping hace que el proceso sea sencillo, ya que puede extraer y recopilar información relevante en una sola hoja de cálculo.

Gestión de riesgos

En términos de gestión de riesgos, necesita muchos registros e informes de investigación. En este caso, se hace difícil crear una base de datos legal para ejecutar una verificación de antecedentes. La forma más fácil es extraer antecedentes penales, listas de sanciones, registros corporativos, etc. Cuanto más completa sea la información que tenga a mano, más riesgos se reducirán por adelantado.

Seguro

Web scraping ayuda a las compañías de seguros a recopilar datos alternativos para evaluar los riesgos antes de redactar una póliza. Además, pueden analizar tendencias potenciales y ajustar sus paquetes de seguros para proporcionar mejores servicios.

https://preview.redd.it/vmq47mhdbzy51.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=da1199973404d45825ddc7d804975e107fb8335c

Otros


  • Listados de Bienes Inmuebles:
Los agentes inmobiliarios pueden aprovechar las herramientas de web scraping para extraer listados de propiedades de diferentes sitios. Potencia a los agentes para obtener una imagen completa de la información de la propiedad circundante para evaluar mejor el valor de la vivienda. Esto los prepara con conocimientos actualizados y cierra más negocios.

¿Quieres crear un sitio web agregado de trabajo como Indeed? Prueba la extracción de datos web. Puede recopilar ofertas de trabajo de las bolsas de trabajo de las empresas. Tantos como quieras.

  • Gobierno:
Hay muchos registros disponibles públicamente en línea, pero no se pueden descargar. El raspado web puede convertir información, incluidos informes estadísticos, comunicados de prensa, contenido de la tabla en una hoja de Excel para su posterior análisis.

  • Viajes & Hotel
Es un buen trabajo recuperar información de embarque y vuelo en la web, ya que sus precios se ven afectados en gran medida por la disponibilidad. Para entregar los mejores paquetes turísticos dentro del presupuesto de los clientes que satisfacen sus experiencias de viaje, es crucial utilizar la extracción de datos web para recopilar información actualizada.

  • Apuestas Deportivas
¿Eres fanático del fútbol de fantasía? O apuestas deportivas. Debes probar el web scraping para scrape los sitios web de apuestas y comparar las probabilidades. A alguien le encantaría apostar a bajo riesgo, ¿no? Solo tenga cuidado con el cumplimiento legal en sus sitios web antes de buscar los datos. Si no está seguro, consulte las publicaciones de mi blog: ¿Es legal el Web Crawling?

  • Datos Darmacéuticos:
Scrape automáticamente la medicación de todas las categorías en información estructurada para el depósito de información. O al obtener toda la información de las compañías farmacéuticas para obtener una ventaja competitiva para los equipos de ventas o marketing, el web scraping permite capturar los datos sin problemas.
Estos son solo algunos ejemplos de las aplicaciones de web scraping. El hecho es que el potencial de scraping es enorme, ya que está diseñado para recuperar datos web de Internet automáticamente. La mejor parte es que la herramienta de extracción de datos hace que este proceso sea mucho más fácil con simples arrastrar y hacer clic. ¡Vea las 10 mejores herramientas de extracción de datos en 2020 para potenciar su negocio!
submitted by melisaxinyue to u/melisaxinyue [link] [comments]


2020.11.13 10:46 melisaxinyue Scraping y Crawling Análisis de Cuotas de Apuestas Deportivas

Scraping y Crawling Análisis de Cuotas de Apuestas Deportivas
https://preview.redd.it/wbwllnlmazy51.png?width=768&format=png&auto=webp&s=254acfcfaf4877792f6847bd43689336c1d9341b
Scraping las probabilidades de apuestas dinámicas de las agencias de apuestas en línea es un recurso estadístico importante para el análisis deportivo, como la predicción del ganador, el valor del equipo. O simplemente para hacer una apuesta de bajo riesgo.
En este artículo, me gustaría abordar las siguientes tres preguntas:

  • ¿Por qué debemos eliminar las probabilidades de apuesta?
  • ¿Cómo raspar las cuotas de apuestas, más fácil y más rápido?
  • ¿Cómo automatizar la actualización de las cuotas de apuestas en la base de datos de manera consistente?
¿Por qué debemos scrape las probabilidades de apuesta?
Las agencias de apuestas profesionales hacen su fortuna calculando sus probabilidades de apuestas para maximizar las ganancias y evitar grandes pagos. Establecieron el modelo estadístico con un gran conjunto de datos. Y luego calcule las probabilidades promedio, y haga la predicción una vez que calcule los valores atípicos.
Por un lado, el cambio en la pista de las probabilidades de apuestas refleja dónde las personas hacen sus apuestas. Cuantas más apuestas haya, menores serán las probabilidades. Por otro lado, Las compañías de juegos usarán "Hedging" para contrar sus propias pérdidas y ganancias.
¿Es posible venir con un método para vencer a las agencias de apuestas? En primer lugar, necesitamos descubrir la correlación entre las probabilidades de las agencias de apuestas y los resultados reales. Podemos scrape las probabilidades informadas por las agencias de apuestas y los resultados reales del competición en cada competición. Como resultado, podremos comparar y generar un modelo de predicción.
¿Cómo scrape las probabilidades de apuestas?
En este artículo, le mostraré cómo scrape las probabilidades de apuestas de un sitio de comparación de probabilidades. También puede descargar la tarea de scraping para ejecutarla en su extremo.
Para continuar, debe tener una cuenta de Octoparse y descargar la aplicación gratuita en su computadora.
Paso 1: Crear la Tarea y Abrir la web
1.1. Crearemos la tarea con el Modo avanzado. Ingrese la URL del sitio web de apuestas. Y luego haga clic en "Guardar URL" en la parte inferior de la interfaz.

https://preview.redd.it/eywc37gnazy51.png?width=560&format=png&auto=webp&s=b8f70d2740e774ae9bf1ec79efb4b8af61f210ed
1.2. Cambie el botón "Workflow". Esto nos permite verificar nuestro flujo de trabajo convenientemente.

https://preview.redd.it/tcidyh6oazy51.png?width=839&format=png&auto=webp&s=ec0d27ffc36ffc7c2384e6a7ba41155d5cd3762a
Paso 2: Selecciona los Datos y Extrae
2.1. En el navegador incorporado, haga clic en el nombre de región/país y luego haga clic en el botón de expansión en la parte inferior del panel "Consejos de acción". Por lo tanto, Octoparse ampliará la selección de "Table Cell" (TD) a "Table Row" (TR).

https://preview.redd.it/bbh3nsooazy51.png?width=886&format=png&auto=webp&s=8a2a87748f714ebadc22e6b3b007a434a7764e3f
2.2. Haga clic en el comando "Select all sub-elements" en el panel "Action Tips". Al hacer esto, Octoparse puede seleccionar todos los datos en la misma fila.

https://preview.redd.it/7iqpazdpazy51.png?width=883&format=png&auto=webp&s=42fc4220cfeb87fb23cfdcb95a5ce6f8a9c354b6
2.3. Haga clic en el comando "Select all" en el panel "Action Tips". Por lo tanto, Octoparse seleccionará todos los datos de todas las filas de la tabla. Por último, pero no menos importante, haga clic en el comando "Extract data".
https://preview.redd.it/y1693b1qazy51.png?width=868&format=png&auto=webp&s=302f4093a8c7ea78ed27ae68d62bd0843840aaec
Ahora Octoparse mostrará la información extraída en el campo de datos.

https://preview.redd.it/nzwwi90razy51.png?width=619&format=png&auto=webp&s=3a704156a5fb23a44f8f550ae87f86be6975bc2b
Paso 3: Filtrar los Datos Extraídos
Si la información extraída en el campo de datos es la que esperaba, puede omitir este paso. Sin embargo, si no es lo que desea, puede volver a seleccionar los datos, repita el paso anterior hasta obtener el correcto. De lo contrario, asegúrese de que XPath sea correcto. (Para obtener más información sobre XPath, haga clic aquí)
3.2. Edite el nombre del campo y personalice el campo de datos si es necesario. Luego haga clic en "OK" para guardar todas las configuraciones.

https://preview.redd.it/l4ng4q2sazy51.png?width=636&format=png&auto=webp&s=342ce5809de503de6f646c0a398e91236592d4a4
Consejos: Podríamos agregar el tiempo actual de extracción haciendo clic en "Add predefined fields" en la parte inferior del "Campo de datos".
Paso 4: Ejecute el Scraper y Obtenga los Datos
Se completa el flujo de trabajo general. Simplemente haga clic en "Save" y "Iniciar extracción", obtendremos las probabilidades de apuesta.

https://preview.redd.it/gpyi6rpsazy51.png?width=405&format=png&auto=webp&s=94e85797ad264786275d87433778127f9188233a
Cuando finalice la extracción de datos, podríamos exportar a Excel, CSV, JSON, HTML o base de datos para su posterior análisis.

https://preview.redd.it/h6svznctazy51.png?width=913&format=png&auto=webp&s=03f0821a652a099de4b612b3f5e1f42d849555a7
¿Cómo podemos actualizar automáticamente las cuotas de apuestas en database de manera consistente?
Solució A: Standard Plan
Primero, programe las tareas en "Cloud Extraction" con la frecuencia requerida. Por ejemplo, establecer como intervalo de 5 minutos. Luego, la tarea se ejecutará a intervalos de 5 minutos automáticamente. Esta función es de vital importancia para mantener los datos actualizados para que no te pierdas ningún número impar.

https://preview.redd.it/8by9090uazy51.png?width=456&format=png&auto=webp&s=ba742b8c5139c156f31ec6f0a4260d23eb061dba
En segundo lugar, conéctese a Octoparse API. De esta manera, podemos tener los datos extraídos entregados automáticamente a la base de datos sin acceder a la aplicación Octoparse.
Solución B: Professional Plan
Conectarse a Octoparse Advanced API podría controlar la tarea (ejecutar o detener) y obtener los datos de nuestro sistema.
Más allá de esto, podría tener más crawlers, hasta 250 y 20 tareas simultáneas de extracción en la nube. Dicho esto, podríamos importar datos dinámicos (cuotas de apuestas o información del equipo) a su base de datos de hasta 20 fuentes/sitios web.
Conclusión
El valor de la herramienta de scraping es permitirnos extraer datos web a gran escala en diferentes sitios web al mismo tiempo. Con el mismo método, podríamos extraer información de otros sitios web y enriquecer nuestra base de datos para expandir las métricas y realizar un análisis más completo para predecir el ganador.
No olvides compartir con nosotros tu propio resultado analítico del ganador más probable de la Copa Mundial de la FIFA 2018. Si tiene dificultades para construir el scraper, simplemente envíenos un mensaje.
Related Resources
Extracting dynamic data with Octoparse
Schedule/run the task in the cloud
Create your first scraper with Octoparse
submitted by melisaxinyue to u/melisaxinyue [link] [comments]


2020.11.11 03:58 Uicnejfop Urna Eletrônica

Olá. Assistam ao vídeo (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LkH2r-sNjQs) para podermos discutir.
Depois vão ao site do TSE, e leiam sobre a segurança da urna: https://www.tse.jus.beleicoes/urna-eletronica/seguranca-da-urna
Alguns pontos chamam atenção:
1- Na parte de criptografia (/criptografia), transcrevo: " O Tribunal Superior Eleitoral usa algoritmos proprietários de cifração simétrica e assimétrica, de conhecimento exclusivo do TSE."
Segurança por obscuridade não é boa prática (http://www.lsi.usp.b~penasio/trabalhos/PSI5006-3286381-5223770-3-V4.pdf, https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seguran%C3%A7a_por_obscurantismo).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2- Código Fonte (/apresentacao-dos-codigos-fonte): aberto somente à OAB, partidos políticos e Ministério Público, somente 180 dias antes da eleição, em uma cerimônia, em local restrito: TSE, em Brasília.
Quase todas as maiores empresas de tecnologia incentivam de forma pública, e remuneram quem reporte falhas de segurança em seus softwares. (https://www.facebook.com/whitehat, https://www.google.com/about/appsecurity/reward-program/,
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/msrc/bounty, por exemplo).
São empresas gigantes, com os maiores cérebros da área, e mesmo assim, todos os meses são descobertas e reportadas falhas de segurança em virtualmente todos os seus sistemas (Chrome, Android, Windows, Edge...). Exemplos recentes de 2 brasileiros que ganharam dezenas de milhares de dólares recentemente: https://www.tecmundo.com.bseguranca/150800-hacker-brasileiro-encontra-falha-facebook-ganha-us-10-mil.htm,
https://medium.com/@alonnsoandres/25k-instagram-almost-xss-filter-link-facebook-bug-bounty-798b10c13b83).
Existem inclusive plataformas especializadas em oferecer, para as empresas, espaços de testes de segurança de seus produtos. Qualquer um pode se cadastrar e começar a ganhar dinheiro descobrindo falhas (https://www.hackerone.com/).
Novamente, vemos no TSE uma tendência a optar pela segurança por obscuridade.
Por que não abrir o código fonte para todo cidadão brasileiro e profissionais de segurança analisarem pelo tempo que quiserem sem ter que ir até Brasília? Quanto mais pessoas e especialistas analisarem, maior a chance de se descobrirem novas falhas. Por que também não oferecer recompensa financeira para incentivar ainda mais como é prática na indústria?
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3- Sistema Operacional (/modelos-de-urna-eletronica): As duas primeiras versões utilizavam o VirtuOS, similar ao MS-DOS e desenvolvido por uma empresa brasileira chamada Microbase.
Segue comentário do estudo feito pela UNICAMP em 2002 sobre as urnas, disponível no site do TSE (Item 4.6, página 30: https://www.tse.jus.beleicoes/urna-eletronica/seguranca-da-urna/relatorio-da-unicamp-urnas-eletronicas):
"O fato da UE não se basear integralmente em um sistema operacional idêntico a um disponível no mercado pode gerar dúvidas quanto à segurança e não é uma prática recomendável."
Novamente, obscuridade. Mas tudo bem, o sistema já mudou.
Os modelos UE2002, UE2004 e UE2006, rodavam Windows CE. Feito pela Microsoft, para sistemas embarcados.
Notem que a Microsoft só passou a liberar todo o código fonte do sistema em 2006, a partir da versão do Windows CE 2006 (https://www.infoworld.com/article/2634197/win-ce-6-0-ships-with-source-code.html).
Ou seja, as urnas de 2002 e 2004 utilizavam sistema operacional de código parcialmente fechado.
Qual o problema do código fechado? Não consegue-se ver como o programa realmente funciona. Confiamos na palavra do fornecedor. Nesse caso, a Microsoft.
Sabe-se da estreita, e muitas vezes não voluntária, mas real, relação das empresas de tecnologia dos EUA com sua Agência de Segurança Nacional (NSA).
O governo americano força as empresas a compartilharem informações privadas de seus usuários através de mandatos judiciais que proíbem o aviso a seus clientes da existência de tais mandatos (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warrant_canary).
A NSA trabalha ativamente para inserir falhas nos protocolos de criptografia adotados pela indústria (https://www.wired.com/2013/09/nsa-backdoo), e possui histórico especial com a Microsoft (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NSAKEY,
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/11/microsoft-nsa-collaboration-user-data).
Mas tudo bem, já passou. Agora as urnas provavelmente utilizam Linux (a última informação no site do TSE refere-se ao modelo de 2008, mas creio que continue até hoje).
É o menos pior, mas também precisa ser atualizado constantemente pois novas falhas são sempre descobertas e corrigidas ("https://resources.whitesourcesoftware.com/blog-whitesource/top-10-linux-kernel-vulnerabilities").
E a NSA não necessariamente está totalmente de fora também (https://www.quora.com/Does-the-NSA-have-a-backdoor-to-Linux).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4- Teste público de segurança (/teste-publico-de-seguranca-2019):
Mais uma vez, em Brasília, limitado à 25 participantes, inscrição extremamente burocrática, muitas etapas proibidas de serem auditadas:
( "Não serão objetos do TPS os seguintes sistemas, ambientes, procedimentos e elementos abaixo relacionados: I - identificação e verificação biométrica do eleitor; II - preparação e infraestrutura para o Kit JE Connect; III - processamento dos arquivos de urna (fase posterior às fases de transmissão e de recebimento dos arquivos gerados pela urna eletrônica após o encerramento da votação na seção..."
Para ver todos os itens ler a Pág. 2, § 2º : https://www.justicaeleitoral.jus.btps/arquivos/tps-edital-testes-seguranca-2019-atualizado-25-9-2019.pdf).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5- Nota-se a ausência de ênfase no site do TSE sobre o processo de transmissão dos votos, e a segurança do sistema central de apuração.
Na auditoria da UNICAMP realizada em 2002, no item 4.15, há alguns detalhes.(https://www.justicaeleitoral.jus.barquivos/relatorio-final-de-avaliacao-do-sistema-informatizado-das-eleicoes/rybena_pdf?file=https://www.justicaeleitoral.jus.barquivos/relatorio-final-de-avaliacao-do-sistema-informatizado-das-eleicoes/at_download/file).
Apesar da transmissão ocorrer por rede privada, isolada da Internet, a encriptação dos dados é necessária para o caso de haver alguma interceptação (https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ataque_man-in-the-middle).
Pelo arquivo da UNICAMP acima, a encriptação PGP é realizada antes da transmissão.
Porém a implementação específica é omitida. E isso é extremamente importante, pois mesmo que os protocolos criptográficos sejam matematicamente seguros, é comum que sua implementação em software seja defeituosa e permita ataques (Exemplo de implementação errada em clientes de email Apple Mail, Outlook e Thunderbird : https://www.wired.co.uk/article/efail-pgp-vulnerability-outlook-thunderbird-smime).
Novamente, o eleitor no escuro.
Essa seria a etapa mais crítica. Adulterar a transmissão ou o computador central de apuração possibilitaria alterar os votos do país todo, ou de grandes regiões, com somente um ataque.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Comentários adicionais
1- Impossibilidade de Recontagem:
Importante destacar que todo sistema eleitoral tem falhas.
As eleições com voto exclusivo em papel frequentemente são questionadas, e recontagens efetuadas, com resultados diferentes dos iniciais.
A deficiência de um sistema puramente eletrônico é que se houver fraude, seria muito difícil de ser detectado.
Eleições em papel exigem pessoas reais contando, com observadores presentes. Adulterações, surgimento de novos pacotes de votos, pacotes jogados no lixo, tudo é real, palpável. Pode ser filmado, detectado.
A fraude eletrônica não. É virtual. Quem vê? Talvez algum protocolo de assinatura digital detecte alterações nos dados.
Talvez.
E se os responsáveis pelas assinaturas estiverem envolvidos na fraude?
É plausível pensar que um atacante sofisticado a ponto de realizar adulteração eletrônica consiga esconder muito bem seus rastros virtuais.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2- Capacidades ofensivas cibernéticas agora são parte oficial das forças militares de diversos países.
E o Brasil ainda está muito atrás. Sim, temos alguns centros de ponta em computação e tecnologia de informação. Mas nosso orçamento militar, prioridade governamental e pessoal qualificado para a área de cibersegurança ainda é muito limitado.
Ataque recente há alguns dias:
https://tecnoblog.net/381394/stj-teria-sido-vitima-de-ransomware-ministerio-da-saude-sofre-ataque/

EUA, China, Rússia, e Israel, também Irã e Coreia do Norte investem pesado nessa área.
Alguns exemplos mais famosos recentes: https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stuxnet#:~:text=Stuxnet%20%C3%A9%20um%20worm%20de,bielorrussa%20desenvolvedora%20de%20antiv%C3%ADrus%20VirusBlokAda.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2017_cyberattacks_on_Ukraine#:~:text=A%20series%20of%20powerful%20cyberattacks,ministries%2C%20newspapers%20and%20electricity%20firms.&text=ESET%20estimated%20on%2028%20June,hardest%20hit%20with%20about%209%25.
É jogo de gente grandíssima. Queremos deixar a base de nossa democracia vulnerável à ação de grandes potências? Seja esquerda ou direita, todos concordamos que o país deve ser soberano.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3- Ah, mas nossa apuração é mais rápida.
Vale o risco? Qual a pressa? Melhor saber o resultado em horas com possibilidade de fraude, ou em alguns dias, com mais segurança?
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4- Ah, mas exportamos esse sistema para vários países, somos exemplo de tecnologia para o mundo!
Sim, há muito trabalho de profissionais extremamente capacitados e dos centros de pesquisa brasileiros, que por anos e anos tentam honestamente aprimorar o processo de voto eletrônico no Brasil.
Eles tem todo o mérito, e sim, entendem muito do que fazem.
Alguns países usaram nossas urnas segundo o site do TSE (https://www.tse.jus.beleicoes/urna-eletronica/visao-externa-do-sistema-eleitoral-brasileiro):
- Argentina
- Equador
- México
- Paraguai
- República Dominicana
Entretanto, países extremamente desenvolvidos e com indústria de computação e telecomunicações muito mais avançadas que a nossa, ainda optam pelo voto em papel. Por que?
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5- Quais países desenvolvidos não usam voto eletrônico?
Segundo a Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_voting_by_country):
- Canadá
- Bélgica
- Finlândia
- Alemanha
- França
- Irlanda
- Noruega
- Espanha
- Inglaterra
- EUA (parcial, mais sobre ele no texto abaixo)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6- Os EUA foram o berço da computação e Internet mundiais. Ainda hoje as maiores empresas de TI são de lá. Qual a opinião deles sobre voto eletrônico, existe algum estudo?
Sim!
A Academia Nacional de Ciência Engenharia e Medicina dos EUA ficou 2 anos estudando o tema, desde 2016, quando houve suspeita de interferência russa nas eleições americanas.
Professores das melhores universidades e empresas de computação do mundo (MIT, Princeton, Stanford, Microsoft) então publicaram, em 2018, suas conclusões no texto "Securing the Vote - Protecting American Democracy", disponível de graça para leitura em online ou '.pdf' (menu à direita)(https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25120/securing-the-vote-protecting-american-democracy).
A conclusão foi que o voto eletrônico é fundamentalmente inseguro, só devendo ser utilizado se houver outro meio de auditoria em conjunto (voto em papel):
Pág 80.
"4.11 - Elections should be conducted with human-readable paper ballots...
Recounts and audits should be conducted by human inspection of the human-readable portion of the paper ballots.
Voting machines that do not provide the capacity for independent auditing (e.g., machines that do not produce a voter-verifiable paper audit trail) should be removed from service as soon as possible"
Pág 93.
" There is no realistic mechanism to fully secure vote casting and tabulation computer systems from cyber threats... Even if best practices are applied, systems will not be completely secure. Foreign state–sponsored attacks present a challenge for even the most responsible and well-resourced jurisdictions.... Appropriate audits can be used to enable trust in the accuracy of election outcomes even if the integrity of software, hardware, personnel, or other aspects of the system on which an election is run were to be questioned. Better cybersecurity is not a substitute for effective auditing."
***********************
Resumo Português:
[4.11 Eleições deve ser feitas em papel.
Recontagens devem ser feitas por humanos olhando os votos em papel.
Máquinas de voto que não imprimam papel para auditoria devem ser descartadas o mais rápido possível
Pág 93.
Não há como proteger as máquinas ou sistemas de votação de ataques cibernéticos.
Mesmo com as melhores práticas de segurança, ataques de potências estrangeiras podem afetar os mais organizados e melhores mantidos sistemas.
Entretanto, se houver auditoria, os resultados podem ser confiados, mesmo que haja vulnerabilidades presentes.
Mas lembrando, cibersegurança não substitui auditoria!]
***********************
A frase final é importante. Nada substitui a possibilidade de auditoria (recontagem).
Nosso sistema é essencialmente falho nesse aspecto.
A parte seguinte sobre votação pela Internet também vale a pena ser lida.
(obs: os problemas na eleição atual deve-se ao voto à distância (correio) e algumas máquinas em alguns locais (para saber mais pesquise em duckduckgo.com), e em nada desvalorizam o excelente trabalho da comissão citada acima)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mais Importante
O voto eletrônico é elitista e antidemocrático. E não sou eu falando.
Uma decisão da Suprema Corte alemã entendeu que, como as eleições são a base do processo democrático, qualquer cidadão tem o direito de entender perfeitamente como o sistema funciona e participar da recontagem ou inspeção eleitoral.
Entre no site do TSE e tente entender como funcionam todas as etapas de segurança do voto eletrônico.
Sabe o que é uma assinatura digital? Chave pública e Chave privada? Troca de chaves de Diffie Hellman?
Sabe só o conceito ou sabe os detalhes de implementação? Conhece a matemática pesada que embasa os protocolos de criptografia?
" - Ah! Mas eu uso sistemas bancários eletrônicos e ando de carro todos os dias sem saber todos os detalhes de como eles funcionam. Também tomo medicações que não faço ideia como são fabricadas ou agem nas moléculas das células do meu corpo. Na sociedade especializada é assim. Não dá pra saber tudo. Cada um faz o seu e confia no restante das pessoas para fazerem o delas bem feito."
Sim! O raciocínio está correto. Mas não para o voto!
Se os carros falharem e começarem a causar acidentes, a fabricante será processada e condenada.
A mesma coisa para a medicação, ou o banco.
Condenada por quem? Pelo Estado!
O Estado tem o monopólio da força e da justiça na sociedade.
E se o Estado se tornar abusivo, injusto? Corrupto? E se o executivo passar a controlar o judiciário para ficar impune? A única saída (pacífica) são as eleições.
Por isso é essencial que o processo eleitoral seja transparente e popular.
Sim, popular. Basal. Simples. O mais simples possível.
Qualquer João ou Maria que estiverem passando ali na esquina devem ser capazes de participar da contagem de votos e inspeção eleitoral, se desejarem.
Com a complexidade da votação eletrônica, nem graduados em engenharia da computação entendem todo o sistema, a não ser que façam uma especialização na área e estudem profundamente segurança de sistemas embarcados, segurança de redes, e criptografia.
Mesmo assim, com a falta de transparência do TSE, não conseguiria entender tudo.
A realidade fria é que a votação eletrônica é um tipo de elitismo tecnológico.
Poucos entendem o processo. E com o conhecimento, vem o poder. Ou seja, poucos tem o poder.
Imagine um governo eleito pelo povo, que lentamente se torne ditatorial, sem objetivo de sair.
Além de aparelhar as forças militares com seus amigos, a primeira coisa que fará é aparelhar o TSE e sua equipe de técnicos e programadores.
A partir daí, é só alegria.
O ditador e seus amigos ficarão se alternando no poder o quanto quiserem. E quem irá detectar alguma fraude?
Voltando para a sentença alemã, aí está o link (https://www.ndi.org/e-voting-guide/examples/constitutionality-of-electronic-voting-germany).
Vale a pena ler.
Me estranha nossos juízes do STF (especialmente um com especialização na Alemanha) que citam tantos autores alemães em suas sentenças, não se influenciarem por essa brilhante opinião da corte maior:
"The use of voting machines which electronically record the voters’ votes and electronically ascertain the election result only meets the constitutional requirements if the essential steps of the voting and of the ascertainment of the result can be examined reliably and without any specialist knowledge of the subject..."
***********************
Resumo Português:
[ O uso de máquinas de voto eletrônicas só atendem às exigências constitucionais
se os passos essenciais da votação e da auditoria dos votos puder ser examinado
de forma clara que não necessite de conhecimento especializado.]
***********************
Me estranha o nosso STF votar várias vezes contra a impressão do voto para permitir recontagem.
Me estranha também o apego e orgulho com que declaram altivamente que o "sistema eleitoral brasileiro é seguro, e referência mundial", como se estivessem repetindo um dogma religioso e qualquer questionamento ou discussão é rotulado de "conspiração antidemocrática".
Me espanta também a omissão dos técnicos do nosso país a respeito do tema.
Com exceção do professor Diego Aranha da UnB e Unicamp, nenhum outro que conheço se manifesta sobre o tema.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
É isso. Post gigante. Vamos discutir.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Muito longo; não li:
- TSE é pouco transparente
- As opções de segurança implementadas pelo nosso sistema atual não são perfeitas e permitem questionamentos
- Um sistema eleitoral vulnerável expõe o país à interferência externa. Mais ainda quando o domínio cibernético é o mais novo domínio militar das potências
- Muitos países desenvolvidos não usam sistemas eletrônicos de votação por considerarem inseguros ou antidemocráticos
- Me estranha a forma dogmática com que as autoridades tratam do assunto no Brasil, e a população, principalmente os especialistas, aceitam sem questionamento

*edit: add o link pro video
submitted by Uicnejfop to brasilivre [link] [comments]


2020.11.08 21:10 cheryldlovejoy ReVision Reviews- Advanced Supplement Supercharge Your Vision now!!

ReVision Reviews- Advanced Supplement Supercharge Your Vision now!!
Welcome to the ReVision 20 Review 2020, In this review Reddit we will discuss every feature of the Reddit ReVision 20 Reviews 2020 program and see the advantages and disadvantages of each feature
ReVision Reviews
Eye sight problems are growing at a fast pace. These days eye health diseases are afflicting both older and younger people. supplements like ReVision are now widely used. Hold on for a second?
  • Are you one of these people?
  • Do you often have a blurred vision?
  • Does the sun irritate your eyes?
  • Do you have a cataract in the eye?
You are surely in the right place. This article is undoubtedly for you.
Click Here To Visit ReVision Supplement Official Website

What is ReVision?

ReVision is a dietary supplement. The formula has been designed specifically from the natural ingredients. These nutrients make up the deficiencies caused by age or diseases and help to restore the perfect vision. This supplement will regrow your ocular muscles and revive your eyesight.
This formula is suitable for use by any age group. There are hundreds of medical conditions which need sudden attention. ReVision 20 has millions of users all over the globe. According to the reviews gathered by them, this supplement has cured following eye diseases:
  • Refractive blunders,
  • Farsightedness,
  • Presbyopia

ReVision Ingredients:

Nature has all the cure in itself. That is why ReVision has got this overwhelming attention due to its natural ingredients. Plants, weeds, and herbs cure certain eye conditions. Being a layuyjman, it can be certainly difficult for you to take all these ingredients in the said amount which is beneficial for you.
ReVision is the perfect blend of all the ingredients that are essential for your eye care. Take a pill, and your body will receive an adequate amount of all the elements. Now let’s have a look at these ingredients.
  • Niacin
  • Vitamin B6
  • Caffein Anhydrous
  • Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • Bacopa Extract
  • L-Theanine
  • L-Tyrosine
  • L-Huperzine
Click Here To Read More About ReVision Ingredients

What ReVision Pills does?

It will not be wrong to say ReVision the “miracle supplement” for the eyes. This is because it fights and naturally repairs the eyes. The common eye diseases often decline the key elements required for maintaining eye health. This results in the worsening of the condition. ReVision helps in the recovery of these beneficial nutrients in the eyes.
ReVison will:
  • Protect the eyes
  • Stop aging and the age-related eye disorders
  • Regenerate the eye cells
  • Help in achieving the perfect eyesight back
Now have a detailed look at all the functions of ReVision.
Protection of the eyes:
This supplement is a unique blend of natural ingredients. These ingredients help in forming an active shield between the eyes and external stresses like the UV radiations, heat and light. So, pay heed to your eyes and protect them with the help of ReVision.
Prevention from aging disorders:
ReVision not only fights with the old cells but also eliminates the damage that has been incurred to the cells. Consequently, all the age-related disorders including:
  • Cataracts
  • Macular disorder
  • Glaucoma
  • Blinding disorders
  • Dryness
Thus, ReVision helps in the prevention of all these age-related disorders. So have a dosage and become carefree from these nuances.
Regeneration of the eye cells:
The cells of the eyes are renewable. As a result, they can be regenerated by providing them with optimum nutrition. ReVision rejuvenate the vision by regenerating these ocular cells. Thus, it gives you a fresh visual experience.
Gives the perfect eyesight:
How many of us want to have a perfect 6/6 vision? Your dream is not that much difficult to achieve. Now, the ReVision can help you in achieving your dreams. Firstly, it puts a stop on all the trouble-causing agents. Secondly, it reverses myopia and hypermetropia. Thirdly, it hones the night vision and swift visual accommodations.

How ReVision Supplement works?

After the years of research and efforts, scientists have made this formula. That is why the supplement contains all the atrial products. This supplement ensures the outcomes. All the ingredients are organic and their blend works together to cater every portion of the eye. This nutrient, when provided to the eyes, helps to avert the aging disorders. The manufacturers guarantee a healthy vision. Thus, a single course of the 20 pills will help you in getting better eyesight and lower risk of degeneration by age.
Not only these products will make up for the internal deficiencies but will also protect the eyes from the external heat and UV radiations. Additionally, these pills also serve as anti-stress medication.
The visual cortex is a crucial part of the human body. This is located on the posterior side of the human brain. This area receives visual information. Also cures any damage that has been caused to the visual cortex. So basically ReVision pills reactivate the visual cortex. Additionally, it also reverses any damage that has been caused to:
  • Lens
  • Macula
  • Retina
  • Cornea
Thus, it’s an “all ailment one treatment” solution.
Ocular muscles degenerate or lose functional capability with years. However, ReVision focuses on the regeneration of the ocular muscles. So you can feel the spectacular improvements in the eyesight.
Like you set the focus of your camera lens, the human eye also has the capability of adjusting the focus and depth. But, with the time this ability declines. So ReVision improves the function of the ciliary muscles. It rejuvenates the ciliary muscles along with the lens and cornea, to give you a better experience of vision and depth perception.
Visit Official Website To Get Huge Discount On ReVision Capsules

Why should you use ReVision 20 Capsules?

This is an important question to ask. There are many certain eye conditions which are alarming and need to addressed quickly. Additionally, if you are suffering from the common eyes related diseases, then also ReVision is there to help you out.
However, there are four alarming conditions. These conditions are needed to be addressed quickly. ReVision helps to resolve these crucial eye diseases. Now have a look at the common eye problems.
Fluctuating vision:
Fluctuating vision is a common symptom of many chronic eye diseases. Patients experience clear vision for some time. then the vision fluctuates. This fluctuation happens for a specific period of time in a day. When we look deep in the matter, the causes of this fluctuated vision are physiological rather being environmental.The common physiological conditions that cause the fluctuating vision are:
  • Diabetes
  • Dry eyes
  • Deprivation of sleep
Seeing floaters and flashes:
Flashes and floaters are two different medical conditions.
Floater:
These are the specks roaming around in the vision. Floaters are the clumps of the gel in the vitreous humorous of the eye. these specks can be of various shapes like rods, lines, and clouds. These floaters appear to be in front of the eye but in actual they are in the eyes. Actually what we see is the shadow of these objects that is cast on the retinas.
Floaters develop with age, these the vitreous humor thickens and shrink, and this causes the appearance of floaters. The appearance of these floaters is an alarming condition and need to be addressed immediately. So if you see the floaters immediately start using ReVision.
Flashes:
When the vitreous gel of the eye is rubbed against the retina then the light streaks appear in front of the eyes. These lightning streaks are often referred to as flashes. These flashes appear off and on. You might think that the appearance of the flashes cannot be so serious. But the appearance of these flashes is an alarming condition. because this might indicate that the retina of the eye has been torn.
Seeing the distorted image:
In medical terms, this condition is also referred to as metamorphopsia. This is a visual illusion in which the borders of the objects appeared to be wrapped and bent. The displacement of the photoreceptor cone cells causes distortion. Consequently, resulting in distorted boundaries. This condition is the result of hemorrhage, scarring, and edema. These retinal lesions may make the images of an object relatively large or very large. Thus, this condition also severely disrupts the size perception of the eye.These cortex lesions can also result in the grotesque distortion and the things appear like the abstract paintings. But this happens if the condition gets severe.
Loss of side vision:
In medical terms, it is called “peripheral vision loss”. These patients lose the normal wide width vision. So they often feel like they are seeing through a tunnel. There can be many causes. The leading cause is glaucoma which causes the peripheral field defect. Occlusions or strokes in the eye can also be the leading cause of this loss. Physicians often suggest the eyeglasses or contact lenses specialized to serve the purpose. But, with the help of ReVision pills, this can be treated by medicines.These were the few mentioned disorders that occur commonly. With no wonders, this foolproof supplement ReVision can cure all these. Just complete the given course, and you will see the result on your own.

Advantages of the ReVision:

There are countless benefits of this supplement. However, the following is a list of the most common advantages. This data is obtained from customer reviews.
  • It improves the vision and enables to see crystal-clear
  • ReVision cures cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. There is no need for surgery now.
  • It puts an end to the use of the polaroid or contact lenses.
  • This supplement also reverses the retinal detachment.
  • It acts as a sunblock and filters the UV radiations.

Who should buy ReVision?

Thus we are on the platform to address this question. There is no doubt in confessing that the ReVision20 is becoming an internet sensation these days. The supplement has proved its verdict and has built the trust by catering genuine services. With its 100% pure ingredients, the product is safe to use in any eye disease.
This is not crucial to use the supplement only when you get eye disease. Anyone who wishes to protect his eyes well should regularly use these tablets. If you have prolonged exposure to the dust and the sun, then ReVision consumption should be your daily routine.

Are there any side effects of using ReVision?

This question has might raise in your mind. According to the reviews gathered by the users, there are no significant side effects of the supplement. Because all the ingredients are natural components. There are no synthetic ingredients.People who are 18+ are eligible to use the product. However, if you are suffering from any heart condition then it is advised to take the medicine with the consent of the doctor.

How to use ReVision pills?

One pill a day is a safer prescription. At least consume the medicine for two months to see the better results. If you have any other medical issue, then it is safe to consult the doctor. Your physician will better decide the dosage for you.

Where to buy ReVision?

There are many retailers on the internet selling this supplement. But for a foolproof experience, we advise you to buy the medicine from the official website. Worldwide shipping is available.

Why you should buy from the official website?

Firstly, you will have a foolproof genuine product at your door. Secondly, you will receive the pinhole eyeglasses gift. Thirdly the lifetime money-back guarantee is also available.

Results:

Based upon the reviews gathered by the users, below here is the comparison chart between the conventional treatments and ReVision. Visit Official Site
Click Here To Read More ReVision supplement review:
submitted by cheryldlovejoy to Dr_Eric_Berg_DC [link] [comments]


2020.10.28 05:52 ritalin_and_redbull Sobre a Seita Lus e a morte de crianças

Apesar do Ivan já ter deixado bem claro que a Seita Lus e a suposta presença da Valentina em Guaratuba não tenham relação nenhuma com o desaparecimento de crianças, pra mim, sem maiores informações sobre o caso, parecia um pouco estranho.
Como assim, essas pessoas não foram condenadas por matar crianças no Pará? E como assim, décadas depois um homem no Maranhão teria confessado esses crimes?
https://www.mpma.mp.bmemorial/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Caso-dos-Emasculadosmiolo-1.pdf
Esse relatório do MP/MA sobre Francisco das Chagas Brito é bastante esclarecedor.
Interessante que as investigações no Maranhão no começo também suspeitavam da Seita Lus e rituais de magia negra.
Inicialmente, foram estabelecidas 03 (três) linhas de investigação, como forma de nortear os trabalhos da equipe investigadora, sendo que a primeira delas buscava identificar os terreiros de Umbanda da Ilha de São Luís, seus rituais, participantes e a possível prática de crimes como oferenda sacrificial. A segunda linha tencionava investigar a Seita Lus - Lineamento Universal Superior, comandada por Valentina de Andrade, verificando os mesmos aspectos já mencionados. A terceira delas procurava identificar a possível interligação entre a Seita Lus e os terreiros de Umbanda. A possibilidade de um serial killer era presente, mas não taxativamente enumerada como uma das linhas de investigação.
De maneira bem sucinta, os fatos são que Francisco cresceu em Altamira e foi para o Maranhão quando adulto, as mortes no Pará coincidem com as datas que ele retornava, e não apenas confessou os crimes depois de 20 anos, também indicou o local de duas ossadas em Altamira.
Durante as investigações realizadas pelas autoridades policiais civis do Estado do Pará referentes aos crimes intitulados ‘’meninos emasculados de Altamira” foram reunidos em um inquérito policial os crimes em que foram vítimas Otoniel Bastos Costa, Vandiclei de Oliveira Pinheiro, Jurdiley da Cunha Chipaia, Jaenes da Silva Pessoa e Flávio Lopes da Silva, no qual houve o indiciamento e, posterior denúncia de Amailton Madeira Gomes, Césio Flávio caldas Brandão, Carlos Alberto dos Santos Lima, Anísio Ferreira de Souza, Aldenor Ferreira Cardoso e Valentina Andrade, supostos membros da seita LUS - Lineamento Universal Superior, comandados por esta última, que teriam assassinado e emasculado as vítimas em rituais de magia negra. Dos denunciados acima apenas Valentina Andrade foi absolvida pelo Tribunal do Júri e Aldenor Ferreira Cardoso se encontra foragido, razão pela qual ainda não foi julgado.
(...)
No dia 08/04/2004, a Rede Record de televisão apresentou no Programa Repórter Record uma reportagem sobre os “meninos emasculados de Altamira”; reportagem esta que foi assistida por CHAGAS dentro da carceragem onde se encontra custodiado. No dia seguinte, CHAGAS foi interrogado a respeito dos crimes ocorridos em Altamira quando lhe foi apresentada uma relação com o cruzamento das datas dos crimes ocorridos em Altamira e São Luís. Tal relação comprovou que CHAGAS se encontrava em Altamira na época em que lá se iniciaram os crimes, no ano de 1989, assim como, também se encontrava em São Luís quando aqui começaram os crimes em 1991. Da mesma maneira, quando retornou para Altamira, para os festejos natalinos, ainda no ano de 1991, ocorreu mais um crime naquela cidade, e, ao voltar para São Luís, no início de 1992, aqui ocorreu mais um crime. Em meados deste ano, e, após regressar a Altamira, lá recomeçaram os crimes, cessando as ocorrências de delitos dessa natureza em São Luís até o ano de 1996, quando CHAGAS veio morar definitivamente nesta ilha. Ressalte-se que, após a saída definitiva de CHAGAS de Altamira, cessaram-se os crimes naquela localidade. Feita a apresentação acima descrita a CHAGAS, este negou a autoria dos crimes ocorridos em Altamira, porém, no dia 14/04/2004, espontaneamente, pediu para ser ouvido e confessou, inicialmente, a prática de 04 (quatro) crimes ocorridos na cidade de Altamira. No Estado do Pará, a Polícia Federal prosseguiu nas investigações dos crimes dos “meninos emasculados de Altamira” por determinação do Ministério da Justiça porque, ainda encontravam-se pendentes apurações a respeito dos casos que não haviam sido submetidos a julgamento, razão esta, pela qual a Polícia Federal no Pará foi comunicada da investigação que aqui estava sendo feita em relação a CHAGAS e que o mesmo tornou-se, com as suas declarações, também suspeito da prática dos crimes ocorridos em Altamira.
(...)
No dia 28/06/2004, CHAGAS foi conduzido até a cidade de Altamira/PA, pela Polícia Federal no Estado do Pará, após autorização do Juiz de Direito Márcio Castro Brandão, da 1ª Vara da Comarca de Ribamar, para a realização de diligências necessárias nos autos de 16 inquéritos policiais instaurados para apurarem os novos fatos de que se tiveram notícias em razão das mortes e desaparecimentos de crianças em Altamira, entre os anos de 1989 a 1993. Foram realizadas Recognições Visuográficas e Levantamento de Locais de crimes, por CHAGAS, nos locais em que foram encontrados corpos das vítimas, assim como nos locais indicados pelo mesmo onde teriam sido deixados os corpos das crianças desaparecidas. Nos locais indicados por CHAGAS onde teriam sido deixados os corpos das crianças desaparecidas foram realizadas buscas e encontrados restos de duas ossadas, as quais estão sendo submetidas a exame para identificação.
As mortes de crianças em Altamira não tiveram relação nenhuma com a Seita Lus. A Seita Lus não matava crianças. Não existe nenhuma prova de o grupo fazia de rituais de magia de negra com sacrifícios humanos. O que FOI provado, o que EXISTE é um serial killer que matava crianças pobres no interior do Maranhão e do Pará.
submitted by ritalin_and_redbull to ProjetoHumanos [link] [comments]


2020.10.27 22:42 StudyItAgain DIREITO PENAL: PRESCRIÇÃO (PARTE 1)

Essa matéria é grande, então vou dividir em dois ou três posts. Não sei como será o feedback. Vou adaptando as postagens, se for o caso.
.
  1. Notas introdutórias
- Material baseado principalmente em Direito Penal - Parte Geral, v. 1, 2019, do Cleber Masson.
- Esse material não tem a pretensão de esgotar o tema. Minha idéia foi só trazer os principais aspectos. Evidentemente, para maiores detalhes, recorra a livros, como o citado acima.
- Tema MUITO importante para carreiras jurídicas, especialmente MP, Magis e Defensoria.
- É um tema que costuma assustar o estudante nos primeiros contatos, mas que tem uma certa racionalidade subjacente cuja compreensão ajuda bastante. Tentei explicar de forma bem tranquila, até informal, a fim de atingir aquele que tem pouca familiaridade com esse assunto.
- A idéia que você precisa ter no primeiro contato é a seguinte: tão logo o Estado toma ciência de um fato criminoso, um cronômetro regressivo começa a contar para que aquele fato seja investigado, processado e, uma vez o agente condenado, seja executada a pena. O Estado não pode manter-se inerte (isto é: ficar parado, deixar simplesmente o tempo passar), sob pena de perder o seu direito de punir aquele agente.
  1. Localização da matéria: Direito Penal: Parte Geral: Causas de Extinção da Punibilidade: Prescrição.
  2. Natureza jurídica: causa de extinção da punibilidade (art. 107, IV, CP)
  3. Conceito: perda da pretensão punitiva ou da pretensão executória em face da inércia do Estado durante determinado tempo legalmente previsto.
    • Imprescritibilidade
- Embora a prescrição seja a regra (CF, art. 5º, XLVII, b), há crimes imprescritíveis: racismo (art. 5º, XLII) e a ação de grupos armados, civis ou militares, contra a ordem constitucional e o Estado democrático (art. 5º, XLIV).
- Prevalece que o legislador ordinário não pode criar outras hipóteses de imprescritibilidade, mas o STF tem manifestação no sentido de que poderia, sim, ser criada hipótese de imprescritibilidade pelo legislador ordinário (ver abaixo)
  1. - Prescrição x suspensão do processo por citação por edital do réu
- Primeiro: leia o art. 366, do CPP:
Art. 366. Se o acusado, citado por edital, não comparecer, nem constituir advogado, ficarão suspensos o processo e o curso do prazo prescricional, podendo o juiz determinar a produção antecipada das provas consideradas urgentes e, se for o caso, decretar prisão preventiva, nos termos do disposto no art. 312.
- A questão então é a seguinte: diante do art 366, poderia o processo ficar suspenso indefinidamente? Isso seria uma causa de imprescritibilidade?
- STJ: o processo só pode ficar suspenso pelo prazo máximo em abstrato previsto para prescrição do crime, conforme a "tabela" do art. 109, do CP. Passado esse prazo, a prescrição volta a correr. Na prática, tem-se uma prescrição dobrada
- Esse entendimento é pacífico no STJ: "S415STJ: o período de suspensão do prazo prescricional é regulado pelo máximo da pena cominada".
- STF: para a Suprema Corte, porém, a CF não veda seja indeterminado o prazo de suspensão da prescrição, não sendo hipótese de imprescritibilidade. Aliás, entende o STF que a lei ordinária poderia criar outras hipóteses (RE469.971)
I. Controle incidente de inconstitucionalidade: reserva de plenário (CF, art. 97). "Interpretação que restringe a aplicação de uma norma a alguns casos, mantendo-a com relação a outros, não se identifica com a declaração de inconstitucionalidade da norma que é a que se refere o art. 97 da Constituição.." (cf. RE 184.093, Moreira Alves, DJ 05.09.97). II. Citação por edital e revelia: suspensão do processo e do curso do prazo prescricional, por tempo indeterminado - C.Pr.Penal, art. 366, com a redação da L. 9.271/96. 1. Conforme assentou o Supremo Tribunal Federal, no julgamento da Ext. 1042, 19.12.06, Pertence, a Constituição Federal não proíbe a suspensão da prescrição, por prazo indeterminado, na hipótese do art. 366 do C.Pr.Penal. 2. A indeterminação do prazo da suspensão não constitui, a rigor, hipótese de imprescritibilidade: não impede a retomada do curso da prescrição, apenas a condiciona a um evento futuro e incerto, situação substancialmente diversa da imprescritibilidade. 3. Ademais, a Constituição Federal se limita, no art. 5º, XLII e XLIV, a excluir os crimes que enumera da incidência material das regras da prescrição, sem proibir, em tese, que a legislação ordinária criasse outras hipóteses. 4. Não cabe, nem mesmo sujeitar o período de suspensão de que trata o art. 366 do C.Pr.Penal ao tempo da prescrição em abstrato, pois, "do contrário, o que se teria, nessa hipótese, seria uma causa de interrupção, e não de suspensão." 5. RE provido, para excluir o limite temporal imposto à suspensão do curso da prescrição.
(RE 460971, Relator(a): SEPÚLVEDA PERTENCE, Primeira Turma, julgado em 13/02/2007, DJ 30-03-2007 PP-00076 EMENT VOL-02270-05 PP-00916 RMDPPP v. 3, n. 17, 2007, p. 108-113 LEXSTF v. 29, n. 346, 2007, p. 515-522)
-
- Os crimes contra a humanidade, julgados pelo Tribunal Penal Internacional, são, segundo o Estatuto de Roma, imprescritíveis. Porém, o STF considerou que essa norma não seria aplicável no Brasil, que é subscritor do tratado, por exigir lei interna (a adesão ao TPI se deu por decreto - nº4388/2002)
6. - Espécies de prescrição
- A prescrição se subdivide em dois grandes grupos - e é fundamental entendê-los: a. prescrição da pretensão punitiva; e b. prescrição da pretensão executória. A prescrição da pretensão punitiva se divide em: a. propriamente dita; b. intercorrente; e c. retroativa.
- Até o trânsito em julgado se trata de prescrição da pretensão punitiva, isto é, trata-se de "correr contra o tempo" para que o Estado obtenha um título executivo contra o réu; a partir do trânsito em julgado da sentença penal condenatória, o Estado já tem um título, então precisa "correr contra o tempo" para executar essa condenação. Logo, a partir do trânsito em julgado, em posse do título, cabe ao Estado correr contra a prescrição da pretensão executória.
- Mas... Observe que as afirmações acima precisam ser vistas com alguma reserva. Há no direito brasileiro duas peculiares formas de contagem de prazos prescricionais: uma na qual há exige apenas o trânsito em julgado para "a acusação"; e outra é retroativa. Se espera a decisão e depois se verifica o prazo dela até o marco interruptivo anterior. Assim, embora posteriores à formação do título, ainda se referem à prescrição da pretensão punitiva, não executória. É um pouco estranho e, francamente, a prescrição correr sem que o título possa ser executado (ou seja: prescrição sem inércia do titular da acusação...) é nada mais nada menos que absoluto nonsense jurídico. Não importa. Veremos mais abaixo como tudo funciona.
7. Quem declara a prescrição?
- Prescrição Pretensão Punitiva (PPP): o magistrado que estiver encarregado da ação penal (juiz/desembargadoministro, conforme onde esteja o processo). Na prática o julgador irá aplicar o art. 395, II, do CPP - rejeição da denúncia - ou, se a ação já estiver em curso, declarar extinta a punibilidade fundamentando no art. 109, do Código Penal conjugado com a pena do crime. Repare que aqui não há título condenatório, de modo que o reconhecimento da prescrição irá apagar todos os efeitos de eventual condenação, penais ou extrapenais.
- Sobre os efeitos fica mais claro se você imaginar o seguinte: o réu é processado e condenado em primeira instância: pena de 10 anos de reclusão + indenização fixada em 100 mil reais - valor mínimo. Essa sentença poderá, se transitar em julgado, ser levada ao cível para liquidação de valores maiores de reparação, por exemplo. Porém, o réu recorre e em segunda instância é reconhecida a prescrição. Ora, assim, ele não só terá apagado os efeitos primários - não terá que cumprir pena privativa de liberdade-, como o título penal não poderá ser executado no juízo cível para indenização dos danos morais e materiais, nem o mínimo fixado na sentença, nem outros derivados daquela sentença penal.
- Prescrição da pretensão executória (PPE): juízo da execução, em decisão sujeita a agravo em execução, sem efeito suspensivo. Repare agora que aqui temos um título condenatório, o agente foi considerado culpado, mas o Estado simplesmente perdeu a oportunidade de executar a pena, logo, o reconhecimento da prescrição somente irá apagar os efeitos primários da sentença condenatória (pena), mantendo-se os demais. Como o título condenatório foi apagado, ele não será, por exemplo, reincidente ou portador de maus antecedentes.
- Sobre os efeitos: aqui temos uma sentença que reconheceu o direito do Estado de punir o agente. Porém, dada a inércia da acusação, a pena não mais poderá ser executada. Perceba que somente a execução será prejudicada (logo, nao se poderá cumprir o efeito principal da condenação, que é a aplicação da pena privativa de liberdade, em nosso exemplo), mas os efeitos secundários são mantidos (ele continua reincidente, o título ainda pode ser levado ao juízo cível etc.)
8. Prescrição da Pena Privativa de Liberdade
- Art. 109, caput, CP.
- Como não há trânsito em julgado, ou seja, não foi fixada ainda uma pena em concreto, deve-se considerar o máximo possível da pena a ser aplicada e jogar nas referências do art. 109, do CP.
- A pena de multa prescreve em 2 anos.
- O art. 28, da LDrogas (porte para uso pessoal) prescreve em 2 anos.
- Curiosidade: a pena de morte, possível em tese no Brasil, prescreve em 30 anos (art. 5º, XLVII cc 125, I, CPM).
- A pena máxima é calculada não considerando as circunstâncias judiciais e, em regra, as agravantes e atenuantes, pois estas não podem levar a pena acima do máximo legal ou abaixo do mínimo, com duas exceções, que devem ser consideradas no cálculo: menoridade relativa (21 anos, na data do fato) e senilidade 70 anos (na data da sentença). Ambas reduzem o prazo prescricional pela metade e, assim, obviamente, devem ser consideradas.
- Alguns entendimentos do STF:
- Sentença na lei = decisão (sentença ou acórdão), se a. o agente houver sido julgado originariamente por colegiado (réus com prerrogativa de foro em tribunal); b. reforma da sentença absolutória em julgamento de recurso para condenar o réu; e c. substituição do decreto condenatório em sede de recurso no qual foi reformada parcialmente a sentença.
- O réu foi condenado antes do 70, mas antes do trânsito em julgado atingiu essa idade: não aplica o redutor.
- Mas... réu condenado aos 69, mas a decisão só foi publicada um tempo depois e nesse período ele completou 70 anos: aplica o redutor.
- Causas de aumento e diminuição são consideradas, pois podem tanto reduzir a pena abaixo do mínimo, quanto elevá-la acima do máximo. Deve-se buscar a maior pena em tese possível. Logo, deve-se aplicar o redutor da causa de diminuição no mínimo (ex. tentativa redução de 1 a 2/3: reduz em 1/3) e a causa de aumento no máximo (ex. aumento de 1/3 à 1/2: aplica a metade).
submitted by StudyItAgain to direito [link] [comments]


2020.10.27 01:55 cheryldlovejoy ReVision 20 Review: if the Weight Loss Ingredients Work?

ReVision 20 Review: if the Weight Loss Ingredients Work?
Welcome to the ReVision 20 Review, In this review we will discuss every feature of the ReVision 20 program and see the advantages and disadvantages of each feature.
ReVision 20 is the main product sold by the company ReVision 20. It is a 100% natural supplement
Looking for ReVision 20 review before making a decision? In this article, we are going to provide you with the ReVision 20 Nutrition review, And give you a comprehensive detail it.
ReVision 20 Review
Welcome to read our Revision 20 Review: Eyesight is one of the most important things which is necessary to see everything. With your age, your mind and eye health, both are decreasing their performance. Many of us are not aware of how weak their organs have already become. The environment where we live in and the foods we eat, none of these provide us with the quality life that we deserve.
To survive the battle against these odds, our mind and body must work together without any small issues. Do you know what the power of your soul is? Well, the answer is a good vision. When your age crosses 35+, you will start facing eyesight issues like vision loss, age-related blindness, and some other eye diseases.
Whenever you face those issues, you will surely want to visit a doctor, and they will give you lots of tests and medications, even some expensive surgeries to regain your vision. But that won’t be a perfect solution as you will face lots of side effects, and gradually you will start losing the health of vision.
So what can you do in this case? First of all, forget all these chemically formulated supplements for your vision health. We suggest you the natural solution named “ReVision 20” which can solve the root cause of your vision-related problems. It is capable of solving the entire problem with the symptoms.
There are no side effects of ReVision 20; that’s why it will be the best choice for anyone to boost vision in a natural way. The ReVision 20 will improve the performance of your brain and eyesight and will allow you to get proper concentration. If you go through this whole article, you will come to know everything about ReVision 20, how it works, benefits, how much it costs, and from where you can buy.
Must Read This: How to supercharge and maintain a healthy brain & vision
What is ReVision 20?
ReVision 20 is the most effective dietary supplement which has been designed from all-natural ingredients. The ReVision 20 will boost up your healthy mind and supercharge your vision. It has completely zero side effects as it is a fully natural-based formula.
ReVision 20 is able to make up the deficiencies either caused by age or any diseases. It will help you to recover the perfect vision by reviving your eyesight. Being the only natural supplement to restore a 20/20 vision, it covers every symptom and gives remedy to root problems. You do not need to hide behind the glasses again. ReVision 20 is suitable for any age group. It has already got millions of users all over the world. By gathering reviews from its users, ReVision 20 already cured the following eye diseases:
  • Refractive blunders
  • Farsightedness
  • Presbyopia
ReVision 20 Supplement Ingredients:
Nature has all the cure in itself. For this reason, ReVision 20 has got tons of attention from people because it is a completely natural formula. It is the perfect blend of eight potent ingredients that will supercharge your brain and vision. You will feel better than ever before. Let’s have a look at these eight potent ingredients:
  • Niacin
  • Vitamin B6
  • Caffeine Anhydrous
  • Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • Bacopa Extract
  • L-Theanine
  • L-Tyrosine
  • L-Huperzine
All these ingredients are blended in a scientific ratio that is proven and thus making ReVision 20 an effective solution to vision problems. Once you start consuming this, it will improve both your vision and your overall health too.
ReVision 20 Review
How does ReVision 20 work?
ReVision 20 is called “all ailment one treatment” because it can restore any damages caused to:
  • Lens
  • Macula
  • Retina
  • Cornea
Our brain is constantly working and getting damaged by UV rays. The ReVision 20 will help to clear the fog of the brain by enhancing brain health in addition to vision improvement. The enzymes in ReVision 20 will protect your neural health, and you will be able to have better senses than before.
Manufacturers of vision guarantee a healthy vision, and as directed, one capsule a day will be enough to show you the power of ReVision 20. A single course of 20 pills is able to restore your eyesight and also lessen the risk of degeneration by age.
ReVison will protect the eyes, stop ageing, and the age-related eye disorders also will regenerate the eye cells.
>>Click Here Order Revision 20 Pills With Huge Discount Price
How to use ReVision 20 Capsules?
As directed on the product, one pill a day is enough for you. To get efficient results, you should consume the medicine for at least two months. If you have any other health issue, you better need to consult your physician to know the dosage for you.
Positive sides of ReVision 20:
  • ReVision 20 is completely natural formula to enhance your vision & brain health
  • It will boost up your concentration and energy levels
  • The natural formula of ReVision 20 capsules is clinically and scientifically researched & proven
  • You will get exact results instantly and feel better than ever before
  • It will supercharge your brain cells & you will be able to think sharper
  • It will enhance your confidence level
  • It will boost up your sensory organs
  • You will be able to overcome weakness and fatigue
  • ReVision 20 tablet will restore all age-related eye disorders
  • It will regenerate the eye cells
  • You don’t need to hide behind costly glasses or any contact lenses
  • It will enhance your overall health
Negatives of ReVision 20:
  • You will not be able to buy ReVision 20 from any retail stores
  • If you have any allergy issues, you need to consult a physician before taking supplements as it may cause allergy to some users.
  • You need to use ReVision 20 as directed on the product to get the final outcome.
Cost of ReVision 20:
You can get ReVision 20 at a discounted price now. For a foolproof experience, it is recommended to buy ReVision 20 from their official website. You will also get a lifetime money-back guarantee if you buy from the official site. The following three packages are available on the site to purchase:
ReVision 20 (1 Bottle): You can order a bottle of ReVision 20 at just $69 and a pay a total of just $7.95 as domestic shipping and handling charges. The product will be delivered at your desired address within 3-5 days.
ReVision 20 (3 Bottles): You can order three bottles of ReVision 20 at just $177 (15% discount) and get free shipping to your address. This means a bottle costs only $59 for a bottle if you purchase this package.
ReVision 20 (6 Bottles): You can order six bottles of ReVision 20 at just $294 (30% discount) and get free shipping to your address. This means a bottle costs only $49 for a bottle if you purchase this package.
Revision 20 Reviews – Final Verdict
The natural formula of ReVision 20 supplement is completely successful and loved by people of all age groups. Upon checking the reviews, thousands of people tried ReVision 20 and restored a 20/20 vision. Your brain fog will completely disappear once you start taking ReVision 20 pills. ReVision 20 will enhance your brain performance with its 100% natural and active ingredients. You will get control of your vision and brain function in just a few days.
The other thing is that they offer 60 days 100% money-back guarantee, so you do not need to think twice before placing order. You will not regret your decision. So what are you waiting for? Feel sharper and smarter than ever before. Get your bottle of ReVision 20 supplement right now.
>>Click Here To Order Revision 20 Supplement
https://i.redd.it/qw0vjtvtgjv51.gif
Eye sight problems are growing at a fast pace. These days eye health diseases are afflicting both older and younger people. supplements like ReVision are now widely used. Hold on for a second?
  • Are you one of these people?
  • Do you often have a blurred vision?
  • Does the sun irritate your eyes?
  • Do you have a cataract in the eye?
You are surely in the right place. This article is undoubtedly for you.
Click Here To Visit ReVision Supplement Official Website

What is ReVision?

ReVision is a dietary supplement. The formula has been designed specifically from the natural ingredients. These nutrients make up the deficiencies caused by age or diseases and help to restore the perfect vision. This supplement will regrow your ocular muscles and revive your eyesight.
This formula is suitable for use by any age group. There are hundreds of medical conditions which need sudden attention. ReVision 20 has millions of users all over the globe. According to the reviews gathered by them, this supplement has cured following eye diseases:
  • Refractive blunders,
  • Farsightedness,
  • Presbyopia

ReVision Ingredients:

Nature has all the cure in itself. That is why ReVision has got this overwhelming attention due to its natural ingredients. Plants, weeds, and herbs cure certain eye conditions. Being a layuyjman, it can be certainly difficult for you to take all these ingredients in the said amount which is beneficial for you.
ReVision is the perfect blend of all the ingredients that are essential for your eye care. Take a pill, and your body will receive an adequate amount of all the elements. Now let’s have a look at these ingredients.
  • Niacin
  • Vitamin B6
  • Caffein Anhydrous
  • Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • Bacopa Extract
  • L-Theanine
  • L-Tyrosine
  • L-Huperzine
Click Here To Read More About ReVision Ingredients

What ReVision Pills does?

It will not be wrong to say ReVision the “miracle supplement” for the eyes. This is because it fights and naturally repairs the eyes. The common eye diseases often decline the key elements required for maintaining eye health. This results in the worsening of the condition. ReVision helps in the recovery of these beneficial nutrients in the eyes.
ReVison will:
  • Protect the eyes
  • Stop aging and the age-related eye disorders
  • Regenerate the eye cells
  • Help in achieving the perfect eyesight back
Now have a detailed look at all the functions of ReVision.
Protection of the eyes:
This supplement is a unique blend of natural ingredients. These ingredients help in forming an active shield between the eyes and external stresses like the UV radiations, heat and light. So, pay heed to your eyes and protect them with the help of ReVision.
Prevention from aging disorders:
ReVision not only fights with the old cells but also eliminates the damage that has been incurred to the cells. Consequently, all the age-related disorders including:
  • Cataracts
  • Macular disorder
  • Glaucoma
  • Blinding disorders
  • Dryness
Thus, ReVision helps in the prevention of all these age-related disorders. So have a dosage and become carefree from these nuances.
Regeneration of the eye cells:
The cells of the eyes are renewable. As a result, they can be regenerated by providing them with optimum nutrition. ReVision rejuvenate the vision by regenerating these ocular cells. Thus, it gives you a fresh visual experience.
Gives the perfect eyesight:
How many of us want to have a perfect 6/6 vision? Your dream is not that much difficult to achieve. Now, the ReVision can help you in achieving your dreams. Firstly, it puts a stop on all the trouble-causing agents. Secondly, it reverses myopia and hypermetropia. Thirdly, it hones the night vision and swift visual accommodations.

How ReVision Supplement works?

After the years of research and efforts, scientists have made this formula. That is why the supplement contains all the atrial products. This supplement ensures the outcomes. All the ingredients are organic and their blend works together to cater every portion of the eye. This nutrient, when provided to the eyes, helps to avert the aging disorders. The manufacturers guarantee a healthy vision. Thus, a single course of the 20 pills will help you in getting better eyesight and lower risk of degeneration by age.
Not only these products will make up for the internal deficiencies but will also protect the eyes from the external heat and UV radiations. Additionally, these pills also serve as anti-stress medication.
The visual cortex is a crucial part of the human body. This is located on the posterior side of the human brain. This area receives visual information. Also cures any damage that has been caused to the visual cortex. So basically ReVision pills reactivate the visual cortex. Additionally, it also reverses any damage that has been caused to:
  • Lens
  • Macula
  • Retina
  • Cornea
Thus, it’s an “all ailment one treatment” solution.
Ocular muscles degenerate or lose functional capability with years. However, ReVision focuses on the regeneration of the ocular muscles. So you can feel the spectacular improvements in the eyesight.
Like you set the focus of your camera lens, the human eye also has the capability of adjusting the focus and depth. But, with the time this ability declines. So ReVision improves the function of the ciliary muscles. It rejuvenates the ciliary muscles along with the lens and cornea, to give you a better experience of vision and depth perception.
Visit Official Website To Get Huge Discount On ReVision Capsules

Why should you use ReVision 20 Capsules?

This is an important question to ask. There are many certain eye conditions which are alarming and need to addressed quickly. Additionally, if you are suffering from the common eyes related diseases, then also ReVision is there to help you out.
However, there are four alarming conditions. These conditions are needed to be addressed quickly. ReVision helps to resolve these crucial eye diseases. Now have a look at the common eye problems.
Fluctuating vision:
Fluctuating vision is a common symptom of many chronic eye diseases. Patients experience clear vision for some time. then the vision fluctuates. This fluctuation happens for a specific period of time in a day. When we look deep in the matter, the causes of this fluctuated vision are physiological rather being environmental.
The common physiological conditions that cause the fluctuating vision are:
  • Diabetes
  • Dry eyes
  • Deprivation of sleep
Seeing floaters and flashes:
Flashes and floaters are two different medical conditions.
Floater:
These are the specks roaming around in the vision. Floaters are the clumps of the gel in the vitreous humorous of the eye. these specks can be of various shapes like rods, lines, and clouds. These floaters appear to be in front of the eye but in actual they are in the eyes. Actually what we see is the shadow of these objects that is cast on the retinas.
Floaters develop with age, these the vitreous humor thickens and shrink, and this causes the appearance of floaters. The appearance of these floaters is an alarming condition and need to be addressed immediately. So if you see the floaters immediately start using ReVision.
Flashes:
When the vitreous gel of the eye is rubbed against the retina then the light streaks appear in front of the eyes. These lightning streaks are often referred to as flashes. These flashes appear off and on. You might think that the appearance of the flashes cannot be so serious. But the appearance of these flashes is an alarming condition. because this might indicate that the retina of the eye has been torn.
Seeing the distorted image:
In medical terms, this condition is also referred to as metamorphopsia. This is a visual illusion in which the borders of the objects appeared to be wrapped and bent. The displacement of the photoreceptor cone cells causes distortion. Consequently, resulting in distorted boundaries. This condition is the result of hemorrhage, scarring, and edema. These retinal lesions may make the images of an object relatively large or very large. Thus, this condition also severely disrupts the size perception of the eye.
These cortex lesions can also result in the grotesque distortion and the things appear like the abstract paintings. But this happens if the condition gets severe.
Loss of side vision:
In medical terms, it is called “peripheral vision loss”. These patients lose the normal wide width vision. So they often feel like they are seeing through a tunnel. There can be many causes. The leading cause is glaucoma which causes the peripheral field defect. Occlusions or strokes in the eye can also be the leading cause of this loss. Physicians often suggest the eyeglasses or contact lenses specialized to serve the purpose. But, with the help of ReVision pills, this can be treated by medicines.
These were the few mentioned disorders that occur commonly. With no wonders, this foolproof supplement ReVision can cure all these. Just complete the given course, and you will see the result on your own.

Advantages of the ReVision:

There are countless benefits of this supplement. However, the following is a list of the most common advantages. This data is obtained from customer reviews.
  • It improves the vision and enables to see crystal-clear
  • ReVision cures cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. There is no need for surgery now.
  • It puts an end to the use of the polaroid or contact lenses.
  • This supplement also reverses the retinal detachment.
  • It acts as a sunblock and filters the UV radiations.

Who should buy ReVision?

Thus we are on the platform to address this question. There is no doubt in confessing that the ReVision20 is becoming an internet sensation these days. The supplement has proved its verdict and has built the trust by catering genuine services. With its 100% pure ingredients, the product is safe to use in any eye disease.
This is not crucial to use the supplement only when you get eye disease. Anyone who wishes to protect his eyes well should regularly use these tablets. If you have prolonged exposure to the dust and the sun, then ReVision consumption should be your daily routine.

Are there any side effects of using ReVision?

This question has might raise in your mind. According to the reviews gathered by the users, there are no significant side effects of the supplement. Because all the ingredients are natural components. There are no synthetic ingredients.
People who are 18+ are eligible to use the product. However, if you are suffering from any heart condition then it is advised to take the medicine with the consent of the doctor.

How to use ReVision pills?

One pill a day is a safer prescription. At least consume the medicine for two months to see the better results. If you have any other medical issue, then it is safe to consult the doctor. Your physician will better decide the dosage for you.

Where to buy ReVision?

There are many retailers on the internet selling this supplement. But for a foolproof experience, we advise you to buy the medicine from the official website. Worldwide shipping is available.

Why you should buy from the official website?

Firstly, you will have a foolproof genuine product at your door. Secondly, you will receive the pinhole eyeglasses gift. Thirdly the lifetime money-back guarantee is also available.

Results:

Based upon the reviews gathered by the users, below here is the comparison chart between the conventional treatments and ReVision. Visit Official Site
submitted by cheryldlovejoy to KetoDiet2021 [link] [comments]


2020.10.23 20:12 cavs_in_stockholm Watching a video on PyMC3 by Thomas Wiecki. What is the posterior in-sample vs the posterior out-of-sample?

I'm watching this video, Thomas has a slide with two posterior distribution over the mean parameter in his stock return model. Around 18:26 we see this slide: https://i.imgur.com/FMIoWcf.png
The phrase "in-sample" and "out-of-sample" in regard to a posterior distribution of a single parameter confuses me.
If I want to compute some statistic on some data, the way I understand it, one can:
At no point in the bayesian "workflow" does a out-of-sample vs in-sample posterior come up, just posterior vs prior. What does "in-sample posterior" vs "out-of-sample posterior" mean?
submitted by cavs_in_stockholm to AskStatistics [link] [comments]


2020.10.21 07:57 ininterest5 NDEs Where Patients Hear Conversations While Unconscious Debunked

I frequently see NDEs where they are claimed to be veridical because the patient heard what was happening while unconscious. There are scientific explanations as to why this might occur.
Studies have shown that the brain does indeed process hearing stimuli while asleep/unconscious. Below are a list of studies showing this to be the case.
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-018-0502-5
Here we hypothesized that sleepers enter a ‘standby mode’ in which they continue tracking relevant signals, finely balancing the need to stay inward for memory consolidation with the ability to rapidly awake when necessary. Using electroencephalography to reconstruct competing streams in a multitalker environment[16], we demonstrate that the sleeping brain amplifies meaningful speech compared to irrelevant signals.
A chart showing this:
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Experimental-procedure-On-the-left-each-recording-session-was-composed-of-a-training-and_fig4_330367923
Article talking about the study as well as others: https://neurosciencenews.com/sleeping-brain-environment-10550/
It makes total sense why the brain would still process sounds while asleep in an evolutionary understanding. It would be quite beneficial if a person woke up to the sound of a lion while not waking up to the sound of leaves moving due to wind.

I would also like to bring up this brilliant article. NDEs seem to happen more to those not facing death where the body is completely fine. Many many people have OBEs and are not even close to death.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6170042/
An excellent but seldom cited study examined the medical records of 58 people who experience near-death.2 Twenty-eight of those had a true medical crisis, while the other 30 were not medically endangered at the time. Surprisingly, the results showed almost identical experiences in both groups. Regardless of danger, people went through a tunnel, and had similar thoughts and emotions.
OBE accompanies near-death experience 76 percent of the time.12 Do OBE experiences always embody the qualities of spiritual experience? No! I have many subjects who regard their out-of-body experiences as a curiosity. One night drifting off to sleep, my psychiatric colleague floated a few feet above her bed and turned to see herself and husband beneath the quilt she crafted as a newlywed. She considered the intoxicating illusion “odd” but not profound. Many who have experienced OBE agree with the philosopher Descartes, not in his division of mind and brain, but when he said: “Whatever I have up till now accepted as most true I have acquired either from the senses or through the senses. But from time to time I have found that the senses deceive, and it is prudent never to trust completely those who have deceived us even once.
The OBE illusion is one of these sensory deceptions, and arises in the brain’s temporoparietal region. Directly stimulating the temporoparietal cortex with a small electrical current evokes OBE,14, 15 arguably by disturbing the integration of visual, proprioceptive and motion senses into the coherent self. In the laboratory or operating room, the neurophysiologist can bring a patient in and out-of-body, back and forth with the flip of a switch.
Mystical feelings of Oneness are expressed through a special quality of serotonin neurochemistry, specifically the serotonin-2a receptors. Much like a molecular scalpel, if serotonin-2a is pharmacologically blocked or parts of the limbic system containing serotonin-2a surgically removed, then the mystical expression is blocked too.
Near-Death Feature
Tunnel - Retinal ischemia (common with systemic hypotension)
Light - Robust link with visual system (e.g. REM)
Appearing Dead - Atonia while alert
Out-of-Body - Temporoparietal association
Life Review - Activating memory in the face of danger
Bliss - Dopamine reward system
Narrative Quality - Left hemisphere, limbic and other brain regions
Paranormal Impressions - Limbic system
Mystical Oneness - Serotonergic-2a receptors and limbic system

Feelings of oneness are caused by serotonin-2a receptors.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12239558/
Scientists can trigger out of body experience by focal eletrical stimulation of the right angular gyrus.
Here we describe the repeated induction of this experience by focal electrical stimulation of the brain's right angular gyrus in a patient who was undergoing evaluation for epilepsy treatment. Stimulation at this site also elicited illusory transformations of the patient's arm and legs (complex somatosensory responses) and whole-body displacements (vestibular responses), indicating that out-of-body experiences may reflect a failure by the brain to integrate complex somatosensory and vestibular information.

The brain is more active at death which should make ndes feel very real and intense with heightened senses of sight, hearing, and feeling.
https://www.pnas.org/content/110/35/14432
We identified a transient surge of synchronous gamma oscillations that occurred within the first 30 s after cardiac arrest and preceded isoelectric electroencephalogram. Gamma oscillations during cardiac arrest were global and highly coherent; moreover, this frequency band exhibited a striking increase in anterior–posterior-directed connectivity and tight phase-coupling to both theta and alpha waves. High-frequency neurophysiological activity in the near-death state exceeded levels found during the conscious waking state. These data demonstrate that the mammalian brain can, albeit paradoxically, generate neural correlates of heightened conscious processing at near-death.
Based on these studies and many others that I haven't posted I would say that the instance where a patient hears what's going on while unconscious, in a coma, or "dead" has a possible scientific explanation and thus cannot be considered veridical if something could be heard by the unconscious person. If the unconscious person has a feeling of oneness then serotonin-2a receptors may be the culprit. If scientists can trigger out of body experiences at will by stimulating the temporoparietal cortex what does that tell you?
submitted by ininterest5 to NDE [link] [comments]


2020.10.19 09:38 FatedApollo Woke up Kidnapped 28 (Exercises in cooperation)

First / Previous / Next
Woke up Kidnapped wiki
Wiki for more stories

After a filling meal, Gabriel and Madeline got transport arranged back to the Space docks. The ship looked the same as when they left of course, but now that Gabriel saw it from the air and not at a low angle he saw how large it really was. By his best estimates, it was as wide as four or five 747’s and slightly taller, though it sat lower to the ground. As they arrived Cani’s smaller ship was pulled from the ship’s dock. Its wings were folded to fit and almost scraped the sides as they pulled it out. Cani however, was nowhere to be seen so the pair made their way onboard. They were guided to Derthen’s office and knocked on the door.
“Come in.”
They opened the door, Derthen looked up and while he didn’t smile, his fur ridge rose slightly. “Hey dad,” Madeline said as they entered.
“Welcome back, did it go well?” He asked.
“Yes, we got—” Madeline began, but Derthen held up a hand.
“I don’t need to know,” He said, despite the wording, his tone wasn’t dismissive or harsh. “Even if what you want to tell me is no secret, the less that knows the better.”
“Alright,” Madeline said. “We are getting lodging arranged so we will leave the ship, probably today so we need to pack.”
Derthen nodded, “Then I wish you well, take care of yourself, and see me before you leave.” He stood and hugged his daughter. “Gabriel, a word?”
“I’ll start packing,” Madeline said and walked out, closing the door.
“Sir?” Gabriel said.
Derthen sighed, “Take care of my daughter, I would prefer that you don’t drag her around to places like the black market. But, she is as stubborn as her mother on occasion, so just try and keep her and yourself out of trouble.”
“Yes, sir, I’ll do my best.”
“No, your best way of keeping my daughter safe would be giving up on your sister or Mhadeleaine. I hope you will do neither, do your next best,” Derthen said. He even tried a human smile, which looked stiff.
Gabriel smiled back. “That I can promise.”
Derthen walked around his desk and put a hand on Gabriel’s shoulder and moved towards the door. “Good, find your sister, then bring Mhadeleaine home. It’s been quite some time since she brought back a… partner? mate?” He paused and gave Gabriel a questioning look.
“Yes, sir,” Gabriel said, not sure which of the titles fit best.
“Her mother will be pleased, she has already pestered me about getting you to visit.” Derthen opened the door. “Now If you’ll excuse me, I have much work to do.”
“Um, sure,” Gabriel said as the door closed. He stood there confused for a moment before shrugging and heading off to find Madeline. She was in their room, packing bags.
“Hey, that was quick,” she said when he entered.
“Yeah, your father told me to take care of you, then visit your mother before shoving me out the door.” Gabriel grabbed his bag and began packing. He remembered that his phone from earth was still around here somewhere and went scavenging for it.
“Huh, he must like you,” Madeline said grinning.
“You sure? He said maybe two sentences and threw me out.”
“Yeah, but that’s more than most males I brought home. Usually, he stares at them and asks about their finances. What are you looking for?”
“My phone, uh, my earth pcu,” Gabriel said. Madeline opened a drawer and handed him it and Victorias.
“Here’s both.” Madeline went back to her own bag. “As I said, my father is a man of few words. If he talks about anything other than his work it is cause for celebration,” Madeline chirped.
“That so?” Gabriel pressed the power button, finding that his phone still had a little charge, but was in the red. “We got the charger for this as well right?”
“Yeah, the same drawer,” Madeline said. “Can you remember talking with dad about anything other than work or questions you asked?”
Gabriel pulled a round puck-shaped object with two buttons out of the drawer. One button was in the center, one to the side. He pushed the latter and a slot opened, inside were a connector that looked to fit his phone.
“Now that you mention it, no I don’t think I have.” Gabriel plugged his phone in and pressed the central button. the screen on his phone lit up and it started to charge.
“I remember I had to seek him out to tell him about my day or talk about anything other than academics. He isn’t a bad father, I mean he basically forced our government to escort me around when we tried to find you but getting heartfelt conversations out of him is difficult.”
“Speaking of finding me,” Gabriel said as his last clothes went into the bag. “I seem to remember you saying something about your hand when you did.” He walked over and took her left hand. Her artificial ring finger and pinkie curled around his hand.
“Yes, and they are here on Mhinos. After I woke up in the hospital, my dad had them grown, and during our transit, they were shipped here.” Madeline sighed, wiggling her prosthetics. “I’ve kinda grown used to these, I still think they’re cool. But it will be nice to have my own back.”
“I can imagine, and I agree, they are cool,” Gabriel smiled and kissed her hand.
“Maybe I’ll get lucky and we ship out before I can have the procedure?” Madeline smiled and squeezed his hand, kissing it in return.
“Is time not an issue?” Gabriel asked and pulled her close.
“Not, really. Well, I suppose it’s a money issue,” she said, running her free hand over his chest. She rubbed her cheek against his and pulled him close. As Gabriel reached around her waist moving his hands down, but before reaching her shapely posterior she pulled away. “Now help me pack, and we can get back to this– ” she gave Gabriel a very good seductive smile, “–when we get to our lodgings.” She walked over to the wardrobe and began pulling clothes.
Gabriel smiled and sighed simultaneously and walked over to help her, “Tease.”
They quickly got the rest of Madeline’s stuff packed and Gabriel shouldered both bags. “Right I think we got everything. Well except my armor.”
“Oh right, well we have to leave it. I’ll ask dad to deliver it to the new ship, wherever that one is.”
“I suppose walking out in it is not an option?” Gabriel asked, already sure of the answer.
“No, you can’t legally wear it unless you are on a ship where your status is recognized. Or involved with the Security department I suppose. We have to ask.”
“Right,” Gabriel said as they headed towards the airlock. “Should we really leave before we get somewhere to stay?”
“Good point, wouldn’t want you to carry our bags around all evening,” Madeline said chirping. “Let me talk to dad and if we still haven’t heard back from Rik’Tensel we can send a message.”
Gabriel dropped both bags and sat down on the closest couch to Derthen’s office. “Sure, take your time.”
“Thanks,” Madeline said and kissed his cheek before heading into the office.
Gabriel leaned back and picked up his still charging phone. This charger worked wonders, during the 10 minutes while they finished packing it was almost back to full charge. He unplugged it and stuffed the charger in his bag.
Then he took a deep breath and unlocked the phone. No new messages. Gabriel was thankful for that, and at the same time not. Scrolling through the old texts confirmed some of what he already suspected. He had been driving to his parent's house and had picked up Victoria on the way. However, since he didn't have any texts from after telling Victoria he was at her apartment he could not tell if they arrived or not. Sighing and suppressing a pang of nostalgia he began scrolling through his apps. He still had a lot of music, a weather app, one that kept tracks of his physical training…
“I’m an idiot,” Gabriel said to himself. He had all his physical training for the past year on his phone. And a stopwatch. He wondered where Alith and Morthri had disappeared to. He stopped one of the hired security guards. “Hey, have you seen the doctors? Morthri and Alith?”
“I think they are packing up at the clinic,” the guards said.
“Thanks,” Gabriel stood and headed off in that direction. With Deana’s arrest, he had completely forgotten the fact that the doctors hadn’t gotten off the ship. They were in the room with the others planning to get off but stayed behind.
He reached medical and knocked, Alith opened the door and performed a quick bow, “Gabriel, what brings you here?”
“Mostly the fact that I’m an idiot,” Gabriel said and stepped in. “I have a stopwatch on my phone, er, human pcu, I have my training for the entire year before I was taken documented and I happen to know that the port is exactly 3,5 millimeters.” Gabriel held out the phone for them to see. “And while editing photos, I can change the dimensions to show centimeters, you can use that right? Or measure from the screen?”
Morthri and Alith stood stunned for a moment, “Yes… yes we definitely can,” Alith said nodding rapidly. “This is fantastic news, the tests will be more accurate and we can find out what...” he trailed off.
“What?” Gabriel asked.
“Our suspicions will be easier to confirm,” Morthri said. “But before we say anything for sure, we plan to recreate your gravity using a special lab in the Union building to get better measurements, this will expedite the process.”
“Alright, I still want to know what secret you are keeping from me.” While Gabriel trusted the two doctors it still didn’t feel right to be left out.
“What we can tell you now, is that some measurements were off. This was after the first ones you did on US535. We have confirmed that it’s nothing dangerous and in fact, it’s beneficial to your health from what we can tell.” Morthri took a deep breath and sighed. “I would prefer to give you accurate data before telling you more. With you pcu we can have that prepared as early as tomorrow.”
Gabriel gave both a long look before nodding, “Alright,” he removed the passcode from his phone and showed them how to unlock and use it, along with what apps they needed. “I would like all my pictures and music to be sent to my pcu, but those are private so I want to be here for it.”
“Of course, are you willing to give the Union access to some?” Morthri asked.
“We’ll see, I have some nature pictures I wouldn't mind sharing. But I want to be here for the transfer.”
Both doctors nodded, “We will arrange it, tomorrow as well? Oh, and we will need to use the Union’s lab for this.”
“Yea, I suppose that’s fine.” Gabriel nodded again, more to confirm to himself. “Alright, I’ll see you later, call anytime if you find something.”
“Thank you,” Alith said.
Morthi gave him a polite nod as he walked out. Gabriel pondered what he could sell from his phone on the way back. He didn’t have many pictures of people, in fact, he rarely took pictures at all. He was sure Victoria had taken a selfie with his phone with him in it. But he didn’t even have a picture of his parents. He reminded himself that he used to call them every now and then and that pictures weren't his thing. Victoria probably had more, but he didn’t know how to unlock her phone.
Getting back to his bag, Madeline was nowhere to be seen. So probably still talking to her dad. Gabriel sat down again and pulled out his pcu, this time just going over letters and trying to memorize some words. And after just a few minutes of that, he got bored and switched to trying to find out how much money he had.
It took a minute or so to find the correct app, “Alright let’s see here,” Gabriel mumbled to himself. The first was a list of payments, but no numbers. “Test taken on US535, bla, bla bla,” Gabriel mumbles as he skipped over the dates, specifics, time it took, etc. Then he reached a section stating how many hours his tests and records had been worked on. He appeared to received payment depending on not only how many tests he took, but also how long the results were studied. If he read it correctly.
“Looking at anything interesting?” Madeline said. Gabriel had not even noticed her returning.
“Sort of, trying to find out how much money these tests payout.” Gabriel kept scrolling through the substantial rapport, listing results with comparisons to things Gabriel had no reference for.
“Ah, here we go,” Gabriel said as he reached the bottom, “The amount deposited to the account of Gabriel Issac Walker, based on 200 hours of combined research by Morthri Pequen and Alith Sooma, along with the tests performed–Jesus, not more padding–bla bla bla, is… ”
“Is?” Madeline asked.
“Um, how… How much did you say your father made in a year?”
“About 100,000… why?”
“And you have 10 months yeah? 35 days a month?”
“Yes?”
“Admittedly I’m not great at Station standard numbers but.” Gabriel read the numbers again. “But this says 8710 does it not?” Gabriel showed her the pcu. Madeline’s eyes widened.
“Yes, it does. Scroll more,” she said.
Gabriel scrolled down to a summary. “Oh, for fuck sake, put the summary at the top,” He complained. “Right, Morthri had worked with my tests for 147 hours with 30 credits and hour. Alith worked with him for 53, that’s 60 an hour then. And three scans and one physical test all pay out 280 each.”
“Huh, I guess we can afford shopping after all,” Madeline said.
“All this as passive income,” Gabriel blew out a long breath. “I guess being the only known alien of a new species pays out.”
“I guess so, not very reliable though. But I suppose sharing some data with the Union would pay even more.”
“Probably,” Gabriel said. “By the way, can I turn numbers into my own? Or why does only text work.”
“Numbers are usually not part of languages, but yeah, someone can probably do that for you,” Madeline said and picked up her bag. “While I talked to dad I got a message from Krihana about a place to stay. There is a nice hotel within walking distance from the Union building.”
“Great,” Gabriel said and stood up. “Are we paying for it?”
“Not tonight, but she wants to arrange something with you tomorrow.”
“Probably more tests, which I am getting sick of by the way. Although they pay nicely.” Gabriel led the way out and stopped at the platform. “Now, how do we go about getting a taxi?”
“A what?”
“Transport to the hotel,” Gabriel said. Then he frowned, “Why didn’t taxi translate?”
“What is it?”
“Basically a service offering transport, either called or just on the streets in many places.”
“We have that I think, but we call it Hired Transport Service, HTS. Well, HTS contains...taksies, flights, and space travel. But we can call one to take us to the hotel.” Madeline said and picked up her pcu.
“Do that, I’d rather not walk,” Gabriel said looking out over the city and barely making out the Union tower in the distance.
Madeline chirped and called for a similar flying transport like the one they rode to the Union building, but not as fancy. Regardless of how much the vehicle cost, they made their way to the hotel without any issues. They stopped at street level and got out, Gabriel got several stares as they walked in. Though he had mostly gotten used to them at this point. He saw a family of Akrons that did indeed almost look similar to the grey aliens of human culture. Granted they were blue, more proportionately built, and had ears. Gabriel tried to ignore the onlookers and picked up the bags before they headed inside. Gabriel followed Madeline up to the reception but let her do the talking while he looked around.
The colors were a bit off, but otherwise, it looked like a human hotel. Gabriel was used to while, black, gold, and red, but here it was more colorful. The walls were white but with colorful abstract paintings, the roof was blue and the floor had several colorful mats. It was a bit over the top but everything was selected and placed carefully and didn’t clash too much. At least not to Gabriel’s untrained eye.
“Here we are, two rooms, number 267 and 268, already paid for,” the Phigos receptionist said as Gabriel began paying attention.
“Thank you,” Madeline said and accepted two square keys. They walked to a thankfully empty elevator.
“I’m not used to so many people staring at me,” Gabriel said after the doors closed.
“You’re a bit different from the pictures,” Madeline said. “And It takes the attention from me,” she added happily. “Not many have seen a Zilgi either, but everyone knows of us.”
“I suppose so, you said you people are just getting civilians to space?”
“More or less yeah, but we’ve had emissaries out for a generation at least. Not to mention pictures of our planet and people. I would love to see some of Earth.” she said and smiled at him. Gabriel in turn froze realizing his phone had exactly that.
“… Um, speaking of pictures,” Gabriel said sheepishly. “I kinda have some on my phone, that I loaned to Alith and Morthri.”
Madeline tensed somewhat, “I see,” she said as the elevator pinged. “And why haven’t you shown them to me?” She folded her arms over her chest and gave Gabriel a very good ‘what do you have to say for yourself young man’ look.’
“I sort of forgot?” Gabriel said. Madeline sighed and walked out ahead. “I’ll promise to show you before handing any off to the Union,” Gabriel said.
“What kind of pictures?” She asked.
“Most are of nature or some interesting things, or from work, serial numbers, and that.”
“Any of your sister?”
“I might have one or two,” Gabriel said as Madeline stopped outside the first room. “Are you mad?”
Madeline sighed, “No, not really, I’m used to you being… what did you call it, scatterbrained?”
“Yeah.”
“So, as long as you show me all of your pictures, and I mean all of them, I forgive you. If you by some strange reason have pictures of Victoria she wouldn't want anyone to see, I suppose you can avoid those.”
“I love you,” Gabriel said. “And while I’ve seen a few pictures of Zilg, do you have any of your family?”
“No, I had some on my first pcu, but that one disappeared when I was kidnapped. But I can ask my mom for some,” Madeline said as she inserted the key into the first room.
The lock beeped and the door opened. It had a large bed against the left wall, a washroom closer on the left, and a table with two chairs on the right alongside two wardrobes inserted into the wall. It looked like a hotel room you could find pretty much everywhere. Or at least a high-class room as everything looked of high quality. The view was also very nice, looking out over a park and a fountain.
“Huh nice view,” Gabriel said and put the bags down.
“And here’s your key,” Madeline said, smirking and handing him the other.
“As If we’re not sharing,” Gabriel said, looking at the key.
Madeline put a hand to her chest in mock shock, “An ambassador and an emissaries daughter in bed together? People will talk.”
Gabriel narrowed his eyes and smirked, “Good point, see you tomorrow,” he said and picked up his bag.
“Wait, wait, sorry,” Madeline chirped and grabbed his arm.
“No, you make a good point,” Gabriel said, teasing her. He turned around and stepped forwards, almost until they touched, “Unless you have a reason for me to stay?”
“Hmm,” Madeline hummed, she tried to look serious but her fur ridge was standing up, “I may have some exercises to promote cooperation and relations.” She said professionally as she walked around him and locked the door.
“Oh, do tell.”
Madeline tilted her head up almost to kiss him but stepped back and pulled down her pants, then she walked over to the bed while reaching to her back. Her dress fell away and she was left standing in just underwear.
“It involves two partners, one bed and very little clothes.” She sat down, leaning back with one leg over the other. “Interested?”
Gabriel dropped the bag to the floor and began unbuttoning his shirt, “Are you seducing me miss Nioni?”
“Not at all,” Madeline said as her gaze moved up and down Gabriel’s chest. “Like I said, just an exercise.”
“In what, pray tell?” Gabriel moved over to the bed and ran his hands up Madeline’s thighs.
“Foreplay, sex, cuddling and we’ll see if we have time for anything else,” Madeline smiled as she wrapped her arms around his neck. “You in?”
“I will be after foreplay,” Gabriel said.
Madeline chirped and twisted them around, pushing Gabriel down on the bed and straddling his legs. “Your puns I swear,” She unbuttoned his pants and pulled them down. “Now then,” she said and laid down on Gabriel’s chest, their noses almost touching. “The first exercise...”



A/N: As of today I have posted Woke up Kidnapped for an entire year. The first post was Oct 19, 2019. And such this chapter is posted today instead of Wednesday 21. However, as the exam period is rapidly approaching the next chapter I plan to release Nov 4, might be delayed.
Thank you to everyone that has kept reading, upvoting, and commenting, spurring me on to keep this series going.

First / Previous / Next
Woke up Kidnapped wiki
Wiki for more stories
submitted by FatedApollo to HFY [link] [comments]


2020.10.12 21:36 ProsencephalicMuse To what extent are Nook doctors' sets of practices and beliefs empirically validated?

Nook doctors seem to be a community of doctors who have a set of specialized practices and beliefs that differ from that of general GYNs.
For example, Seckin's site along with many of the Nook resources will state recommendations like: "Your specialist should have experience with the bowel area, namely the rectum. Or, your specialist should have a bowel specialist on their surgical team. Endometriosis is a disease of the area between the posterior vagina and anterior rectum. To think that only the vagina or uterus are involved is a fallacy. The rectum is almost always involved. If the specialist is afraid to do anything around the rectum, you need to find another specialist." (https://www.drseckin.com/qualifications-of-an-endometriosis-specialist)
But this significantly reduces the pool of surgeons available and often forces patients to pay over $20,000 for proper treatment. I also see that specialists like Seckin will have patented approaches like using a special dye to locate endometriosis; however, I don't know where to find the data that supports these techniques and approaches are statistically significantly superior to what a general director of MIGS at a highly accredited medical institution would typically do in surgery. It's also difficult because endo recurrence rates by surgeon don't seem to be available to the public.
To what extent does it make sense to adhere to these recommendations? Does it make sense to go out-of-network and spend over $25,000 out-of-pocket on someone who adheres to all of the specialized recommendations?
submitted by ProsencephalicMuse to Endo [link] [comments]


2020.10.04 11:20 f3derico Guida all'acquisto dell'auto

Ciao ragazzi, Voglio creare con i vostri consigli una guida sull'acquisto dell'auto, che possa tornare utile a tutti i redditors.
Appassionati di motori dateci una mano!
Divido la guida per argomenti, e se ve ne vengono in mente altri sarò felice di aggiungerli
CONSIDERAZIONI INIZIALI
AUTO DA CITTÀ
AUTO PER LUNGHI PERCORSI
AUTO PER ZONE NEVOSE
AUTO PER STERRATO
CONSIGLI SU ALIMENTAZIONE A BENZINA
CONSIGLI SU ALIMENTAZIONE DIESEL
CONSIGLI SU AIMENTAZIONE A METANO
CONSIGLI SU ALIMENTAZIONE A GPL
CONSIGLI SU ALIMENTAZIONE IBRIDA
CONSIGLI SU ALIMENTAZIONE ELETTRICA
ALTRE VALUTAZIONI
NUOVO VS USATO
CONSIGLI GENERALI
EDIT delle 8.31 del 6ottobre: aggiornato con gli ultimi consigli
submitted by f3derico to italy [link] [comments]


2020.10.02 22:58 Edwardthecrazyman Kafkaesque

My name is Arthur Bannon and my life will be over soon enough. If you wanted to know exactly the way it went, you could probably ask anyone else involved and you’d get a better view of things.
I work in data entry. Worked? Yes, I guess it should be in the past tense now. I worked in data entry and my workplace was a great big concrete brutalist structure. The hallways ran through the facility labyrinthine and illusory. I swear I’d get lost in that place several times a day, keeping my right hand on the wall so as to make sure I wasn’t taking any wrong turns. The only guideposts were bright dizzying metallic pointers sporadically placed throughout the facility to indicate different corporate factions. I might’ve needed to find my way to accounting and end up in human resources. It always seemed like I’d get lost and end up in human resources. Then Janice would lead me back to my desk. If not for her, I’m sure I’d have died on my way back to my office cubicle, forever lost in that nauseating gray blur of halls.
My boss was a great big burly bastard with a furry face and hairy arms. His biceps and gut almost split the material of his clothing and I’m still unsure how he managed to tug his belt up every time he was upset. That’s what he would do. “Art, you’re gonna’ be working late again.” Then he would grip his belt and tug it up. Or “Sorry Art, but we got a memo from corporate saying that the network went on the fritz, so all of last week’s entries are void.” This was normally followed by him sighing heavily and dabbing around his cheeks with a kerchief. His name was Quincey.
These were the players.
Scepter Incorporated was the stage.
Phones rang all around me. Sometimes ten or fifteen at a time so that half of them would be left on hold at any given moment. The phones rang day in and day out. There was heavy breathing on some lines and on others there were screaming irate customers. You may be wondering why someone working in data entry should be answering phones and you’d be right to question it. Some months ago, the company decided to consolidate data entry and customer service into one department. I was the only one that worked in data entry and so it was that I was the only one working in customer service too. This came with no extra pay, but the plastic plaque on my desk read:
ARTHUR BANNON; HEAD ENTRY CONSULTANT; LEAD CUSTOMER REPRESENTATIVE ASSOCIATE.
I hated that plaque, but Quincey insisted on using my full title whenever referencing me to someone else.
It was strange to meet other people around the water cooler and have them mention my name even if I’d never met them. They’d lean in and whisper something like, “Art, we need those points you promised in last month’s email. You didn’t forget, did you?”
I’d raise my eyebrows and respond listlessly, “No, I’ve got them. I was just awaiting your confirmation email.”
“Yes. The confirmation email.” They’d sip their paper water cone cup and crumple it into the nearby receptacle. “Did you fax over your notary’s info? Can’t confirm a confirmation email without your notary’s authorization.”
Like I didn’t know that. Cheeky.
-
“I think Quincey is trying to kill me.” I said in the bare office.
Janice pursed her lips from behind her desk, leaning back in her chair. “Most employees feel that their bosses are out to get them.”
“Is that true?” I sighed. I watched a metronome she kept on her desk bob back and forth. Hypnotic. Click. Click. Click. Click.
She sighed. “Arthur. We’ve been over this. This is human resources. We have resources for humans.”
“Yes, that’s right. That’s what I’m looking for!” I protested.
“What would you do with resources for humans?” Her voice was far away in water as I watched the rod of the metronome go back and forth.
I blinked, turning back to face her. “What?”
“I said, ‘How can human resources help you?’.”
“Did you?”
“I did.”
I shifted in the big leather chair, feeling it fart underneath me. “It’s the chair.” I tried smiling. My eyes drifted back to the melodic metronome.
“Why?”
“Why what?” I asked.
“Why do you think Quincey is trying to kill you?” Far away in water.
“I don’t know. But I think I need to kill him first.” I said.
“Yes.” She said.
“What?”
“I said, ‘I’ll talk to Quincey and let him know he should lay off you.’.”
I blinked. “Thank you.”
“Now let’s get you back to your desk.”
“Thank you, Janice. Boy, what would I do without you?”
“Die.”
“What?” I said, feeling a chill tickle up my spine.
Janice laughed, ushering me out of the room. “I said, “You’re stronger than you think.’.”
“Did you?”
“I did.” She assured me.
-
The old squalor factory I called a home was cast in weird long shadows as I walked to the front steps. Mary and Margery, the twin girls, were sitting on the steps, braiding one another’s hair together. By together, I mean that they’d intertwined their hair. Mary on the left, Margery on the right. Or maybe it was the opposite. I can never tell. Between them was a ropey knotted mass of hair. I stepped past them.
Mary whispered to Margery. Or Margery whispered to Mary. Or maybe it was the opposite. I never can tell.
I stopped at the top of the steps and turned to greet them. “Huh?” I asked.
“You’re a strange man.” Said one of them.
“Am I?”
“No.” said the other. They giggled.
“What?” I asked.
They ignored me.
-
The old squalor factory hadn’t produced anything within even the previous century but an ambiance of filth and drugs. Sometime over the previous fifty years, the building owners decided to convert the place into a series of apartments but had given up on that project halfway through. Whereas the exposed brick would have looked nice in another place, here it only served to indicate the owners’ sloppy attitude. This hadn’t stopped them from charging rent however.
A laid on my sheetless mattress on the floor, watching the flicker of the oil lamp on the floor next to my head. The thing cast wild purple shadows against the rusty walls. I rolled onto my back and looked at the beams of the landing above me. My eyes went unfocused and I breathed slowly, listening to my heartbeat. Click. Click. Click. Click.
My mind strayed back to the metronome sitting in the resources for humans office and as I closed my eyes, it was the only thing I could see; it floated in my mind in a vast unblinking void. “Click. Click. Click. Click.” I began whispering to myself in the darkened room. When I opened my eyes again, I was startled to see that the sun was sparkling in through the cracked factory window next to my bed. The oil lamp was empty.
In a rush, I fired up the camping stove and started a can of beans. As the pan heated, I checked my phone and saw I had a few unread messages from Quincey:
“I’m coming for you. Be ready.”
“Don’t forget to bring that power point from last week.”
“Did you hear me? I’m coming for you.”
I stirred the beans with butter and sipped on a murky glass of water. “What does that mean?” I asked to no one in particular. I found myself whispering under my breath as I hunkered over the camping stove, “Click. Click. Click. Click.”
A small cockroach skittered up to my feet to inspect what a gourmand I was. Startled, I squashed it with my barefoot and excused its guts from me with a paper towel.
-
Getting dressed in front of the dirty standing mirror, I straightened my tie without any trousers on. I leaned closer to my reflection and he leaned closer too. Beneath each eye I’d accumulated a dark black bruise. “Hmm.” Said the man in the mirror.
After putting on a pair of holey socks, I was down the steps with my laptop over my shoulder in a khaki satchel. I saw one of the twins sitting on the steps of the old squalor factory.
“Where’s Mary?” I asked the girl.
“I’m Mary.”
“Oh. I’m sorry.” I looked around at the drab littered surroundings of the stoop. “Where’s Margery?”
“I told you!” said the girl, “I’m Margery!”
“Oh. Of course. I’m sorry.” I shook my head and rubbed my temples. “I’ll just be on my way then. Have a good one.”
She ignored me.
-
“You’re late!” said Quincey, leaning over my cubicle wall with a broad yellow grin as warm as the sun. “Art, you know I’ll have to dock you for that.”
“Of course, sir.” I nodded while rifling through a set of papers.
“Well.”
“Yes sir?”
“Aren’t you going to get that?” He motioned to one of the phones on my desk. None of them were ringing.
“Excuse me, sir?”
“Answer the phone, Art.”
I looked down at the phones. “Which one was it?”
Quincey let out an exasperated sigh and lifted the phone from its cradle. “Here.”
I took it and put it up to my ear. “Hello?”
“Good morning Mister Bannon.” Said the gruff voice. “You’re boss will come for you in two days’ time.”
I squirmed in my seat, hoping Quincey hadn’t heard the voice. I trusted a sidelong glance in his direction. “Of course.” I said.
“Now, Mister Bannon, if you’d please pass the phone to your supervisor, I’d be thankful.”
“Of course.” I held the phone out for Quincey.
Quincey took it, giving me a confused raised eyebrow. “Hello?” he said.
I watched as Quincey gave me a suspicious glance then slammed the phone in its cradle, tugging up on his belt. “Damned crazies.” He said then chuckled. As he turned to leave me, he added, “You’ll have to work OT tonight.”
“Yes sir.”
-
I stood at my post near the water cooler, sipping an empty cup and surveying the lonely break room. People rarely went in there, but it was nice to stand next to the water cooler. It was against a wall and it felt nice to have a wall to my back. Everything was cement gray. The drapes, the floor tiles, the cabinets, the furniture. It made me sick to my stomach. I waited longer in the break room than normal.
My cellphone went off. It was Quincey sending me a text:
“You will be docked if you stand in the break room any longer.”
I crumpled my paper cup and threw it in the bin.
-
I rubbed my eyes against my fingertips, stepping out into the cool night air. Work was over. Car headlights splashed against my pant legs as I sulked down the sidewalk to the squalor factory, kicking loose bits of asphalt beneath my dress shoes. I loosened my tie and fancied for a moment that a drink would do me good but thought better of it. I always awoke with a shattering headache after saucing myself up.
Approaching the steps to the squalor factory, I saw that the twin girls were there.
I ignored them and unlocked the door to the factory.
“Quincey is coming for you.” Said one or the other.
“Excuse me?” I shifted around to face them.
“Go away weirdo.” Said one or the other.
I went away.
-
Sitting on my mattress in my barren room, I refilled the oil lantern near the bed, hushing slowly to myself, “Click. Click. Click. Click.”
I watched as a cockroach about the length of a stick of gum crept from the far corner of the room. I lit the lantern and inspected the insect. “Click.” I said. It rose up on its haunches, rubbing its fore mandibles together. “Click. Click. Click. Click.” I said. The cockroach began rocking from side to side in tune with the rhythm I’d created.
I reached down, laying my palm flat. It scooted itself along the floor and into my hand. I lifted the small creature level with my face and began, “Click. Click. Click. Click.” It began dancing in my hand, moving itself undeniably along with the clicks. Its little antenna stood on stiff ends. It made a hissing sound, startling me. I dropped it and it landed on its back. Watching it struggle was a bit sad, so I reached down to knock it right side up.
It insisted its hissing again and as I was reaching for my shoe, I saw that perhaps fifty or sixty more cockroaches crept from various places. My gut shrank and my skin grew cold. They sat in a line. The original cockroach crept from the line and let out another hiss, rising on its haunches.
“Click.” I said. They stood at attention and I watched them cautiously, pulling my feet beneath me on the mattress. I began my clicking again and they all began swaying their posteriors in affirmation.
-
I dressed myself as the cockroaches made my breakfast. It was slow learning at first and the toast was only a little black around the edges. Leaning back in awe, I saw they’d found the time to tie my shoes as well.
-
“You’re early.” Said Quincey.
“Damn right.” I said.
“What was that?”
“Yes, sir.” I shrugged. “Thought I’d get an early start on things. Lots of work to do.”
He peered at me over the rim of his coffee cup. “That’s right.”
-
Click, click, click, click went the metronome.
“That’s a funny thing you’ve got there.” I pointed at it.
“I find it helps me to focus on a single sound,” said Janice, “Calms the nerves.”
“I know what you mean.” I said.
“How’ve you been feeling?” she asked.
“Better.”
“That’s good. Quincey is coming for you.”
“Huh?”
“I said, ‘That’s good.’.”
“Oh. Yes. I feel better today.”
“Do you like your job?”
“Does anyone?”
“I like mine.” She said.
“It’s alright, but the customer service aspect of my job is strange.” I focused on the clicks of the metronome. And blinked.
“That’s right. People are stupid.”
“Yes!” I said, “That’s exactly right!”
“You could kill them all, you know.”
“What?”
“You could help them all, you know.” She smiled from behind her desk and leaned in to add, “One more day.”
“I know.” I said.
-
I gathered an army of roaches. I never counted them, but if I had to give a rough estimate, I’d say I had a few thousand under the control of my clicks.
After gathering them around the alley adjacent the squalor factory, I laid a thick greasy sausage out on the pavement and stepped away. “Click.” I pointed at the sausage, leaning from a dumpster. The shadows spilled the cockroaches, skittering like mad to devour. After they’d dispersed, I approached the spot, lifting the one thing they’d left behind: a casing.
“Good.” I whispered to myself. “Quincey doesn’t stand a chance.”
-
Before work, I ushered them into my khaki satchel, hoping that it would be enough to defeat the boss. Moving the bag with them squirming around inside was an arduous task, but it still felt as though I had a hop in my step.
As I approached the twin girls with the bulging bag, I noticed they were braiding their hair together once more so that their heads were connected by a blonde rope.
“Good morning, ladies,” I said.
“Go away weirdo!” squealed one or the other.
“Click.” I pointed at them.
A cockroach popped its pinpoint head from the corner of my satchel flap and jumped to the ground, hissing. The girls screeched in horror. One or the other attempted to run from the insect, taking her sister with her by the end of that blonde rope of hair. The two girls went head under feet then over again, tumbling down the stairs. I watched them and chuckled.
“Click.” I said, pointing at my bag. The cockroach skittered up my leg and disappeared beneath the satchel’s flap.
-
“Art, where have you been?”
“Right here.” I said. “I’ve been working on these.” I held up a sheet of graph paper to show him.
“No excuses, alright?”
I gritted my teeth, reaching for the satchel at my feet. “Yes sir.”
The bag was empty and loose. I gasped, pushing my head between my legs to search for the insects. “What’s your problem, Art?”
“Lost my laptop. I can’t find it anywhere.” I was sweating.
“It’s right there.” Quincey pointed to the closed laptop on my desk.
I bit my lip. “Oh. Of course. You’re right.” My legs shook beneath the desk.
-
After Quincey’s departure, I scanned the room of empty cubicles, finding nothing.
A phone rang.
I lifted it to my ear.
“Ah, Mister Bannon.” The gruff voice sighed. “The roaches have gone rogue.”
“What? How is that possible?”
“They’ve found a new master.” The voice sighed again. “Perhaps you were too friendly with them. They need a strong hand to hold, Mister Bannon.”
“What does that mean?”
“I’m sorry. Goodbye.”
-
I crept through the halls, following all the proper indicators on the walls, but knowing full well where I’d end up. There came the sound of the metronome from the end of the concrete hallway. Moving slowly with my breath caught in my throat, I approached the cracked office door.
“So, anyway, I told him, ‘You’re stronger than you think.’.” That was Janice, but who was she talking too?
In response came a wheezing laugh. “He’s such a dolt!” That was Quincey. “He’s always so, ‘Yes sir. Of course, sir.’.” I peeked in through the crack just in time to see Quincey wipe a tear from his laughing cheek.
My heart sank into my feet as I stood at the door.
At his feet were the cockroaches, wobbling along to the beat of Janice’s metronome.
With one last futile effort I tried my clicks, “Click. Click. Click. Click.”
Quincey and Janice’s eyes shot to meet mine, noticing my presence. Their faces became manic, oily plasticine, with smiles that set my synapses on fire. Maddening.
Janice pointed at me and the roaches came.
I ran.
-
The skittering of their mandibles was deafening as they surrounded me. Some of them fluttered into the air erratically, landing on my pants. I swatted at them and screamed in terror. They went for the soft tissue in my mouth, so I bit down, sending insect viscera down the front of my shirt. Pumping my legs in tandem with my own heartbeat, I moved faster than I’d ever moved before through those delirious halls.
In my path, I saw a woman in a white shirt and black skirt. She turned to look at me with a stack of papers in her arms, mouth agape. I shoved her and she smacked the floor, twisting herself up in her own legs. “Sorry!” I said as her screams echoed all around. I didn’t dare turn to look if they’d stripped the poor woman clean of her casing.
As luck would have it, I did not end up in human resources again, but the gray break room. I slammed the door shut with my chest heaving beneath my work shirt.
I stamped as they tried coming in beneath the door. Whether it be some higher intelligence, or because enough of their bodies had crammed beneath the door that no more could fit through, I can’t tell you. I sighed for a moment of relief and moved to sit on the couch near the water cooler, never letting my eyes stray from the crack at the bottom of the door.
Then I felt a tickling sensation run up my back. I shifted around in the seat, removing my shirt as I was sure one of the roaches had slipped in under my clothing. I smacked around my shoulder as I felt it move up my back. It stopped for a moment before running around the right side of my rib cage. I watched the raised flesh as it moved beneath my skin.
In a fit, I pinched the skin on my chest so that it could not move from the spot. Panicked, I bolted to the utensil drawer, removing a pair of scissors. Leaning over the sink, I focused on my breathing.
I took the pinched skin between the blades of the scissors and looked away. It was a sweet relief to no longer have the thing inside of me, but as I looked to the spot it had been exercised from, I felt sick.
The roach rocked to and fro on its back in the sink basin. I stabbed it with the scissors. It’s mandibles shot in all directions then relaxed.
I wrapped myself in my shirt, being sure the wound would stop bleeding.
The sound of the roaches just outside of the break room door are still there. I’m only glad that they can’t seem to open doors. But another noise has joined them. Click. Click. Click. Click.
Click
submitted by Edwardthecrazyman to nosleep [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 14:37 Vedovati_Pisos Cavalo Mangalarga Marchador – Saiba tudo sobre a raça!

Cavalo Mangalarga Marchador – Saiba tudo sobre a raça!
Os primeiros cavalos chegaram ao Brasil na época do descobrimento, mas só por volta de 1800 alguns animais de elite começaram a ser enviados para cá. A partir daí, deu-se início a formação do cavalo Mangalarga Marchador.
O Margalarga deveria ser chamado de cavalo Junqueira, mas acabou ganhando o nome Mangalarga. Uma história que começou em 1750 quando João Francisco Junqueira conseguiu com a coroa uma imensa faixa de terra na região do Sul de Minas Gerais, em Cruzilia, para plantar, criar gado e cavalos.
História do Mangalarga Marchador
A raça Mangalarga Marchador é tipicamente brasileira e surgiu no Sul de Minas, através do cruzamento de cavalos da raça Alter – trazidos da Coudelaria de Alter do Chão, em Portugal – com outros cavalos selecionados pelos criadores daquela região mineira.
A base de formação dos cavalos Alter é a raça espanhola Andaluza, cuja origem étnica vem de cavalos nativos da Península Ibérica, germânicos e berberes. Os cruzamentos dessas raças deram origem a animais de porte elegante, beleza plástica, temperamento dóceis e próprios para a montaria.
Os primeiros exemplares da raça Alter chegaram ao Brasil em 1808, com D. João VI, que se transferiu para a Colônia com a família real. Os cavalos dessa raça eram muito valorizados em Portugal e a família real investia em coudelarias (haras) para o aprimoramento da raça. A Coudelaria de Alter foi criada em 1748 por D. João V e viveu momentos de glória durante o século XVIII, formando animais bastante procurados por príncipes e nobres europeus para as atividades de lazer e serviço.
Quando Portugal foi invadido pelas tropas francesas de Napoleão Bonaparte, inúmeras fazendas de criação de cavalos da raça Alter, inclusive a Coudelaria Alter do Chão, foram saqueadas. Nos anos subseqüentes, os cavalos Alter remanescentes no país foram cruzados com diversas raças, principalmente com a raça Árabe.
Mas quando D. João deixou Portugal, trouxe para o Brasil alguns dos melhores eqüinos da Coudelaria Alter do Chão. Dos animais que vieram para o Brasil antes da invasão francesa e, portanto, puro exemplares da raça Alter, descende o garanhão ‘Sublime’, considerado o marco inicial da raça Mangalarga Marchador.
A tradição oral nos conta que em 1812, Gabriel Francisco Junqueira, o Barão de Alfenas, teria recebido como presente do Imperador o garanhão Sublime. Gabriel Francisco teria, então, usado largamente esse reprodutor em suas éguas na Fazenda Campo Alegre, no Sul de Minas (a fazenda era uma herança de seu pai João Francisco Junqueira), daí resultando a base do que viria a ser o Mangalarga Marchador. As primeiras crias desses cruzamentos foram também chamadas de Sublime.
Quanto às éguas brasileiras utilizadas nos cruzamentos, estas foram originadas dos primeiros animais introduzidos no Brasil pelos colonizadores, sendo a maioria de sangue Berbere e Andaluz.
Desde o início dos trabalhos de sua seleção, Gabriel Francisco Junqueira levou em consideração o andamento cômodo, a resistência, rusticidade e o brio dos animais de sua criação. Naquela época, como o cavalo era o único meio de transporte, a notícia da existência de cavalos de andamento cômodo na Fazenda Campo Alegre despertou um grande interesse em todo o Sul de Minas e vários criadores adquiriram animais do Barão de Alfenas.
Alguns pesquisadores, porém, apontam algumas contradições assim como relatos dos descendentes diretos do Barão de Alfenas que não apóiam esta versão. Segundo os mesmos, as datas, tipo de cavalo presenteado, origem do cavalo, etc. não são compatíveis com dados históricos da época.
(Sugerimos a leitura da seção O Barão de Alfenas, do livro MANGALARGA MARCHADOR – E os outros Cavalos de Sela no Brasil de Rosalbo F. Bortoni, para entender melhor a participação do Barão de Alfenas na origem do Mangalarga Marchador.)
Responsáveis
A História do Mangalarga está intimamente ligada à História dos homens que povoaram o Sul de Minas, a partir dos primeiros anos do século XVII. Estes primeiros habitantes da região eram mineradores, atraídos pelas noticias que se espalharam da ocorrência de muito ouro nos rios e ribeiros daquelas terras.
Com o passar dos anos, a mineração foi sendo substituída pela agropecuária, com especial atenção para gado leiteiro e eqüinos para o trabalho.Algumas das famílias que se instalaram nesta região tornaram-se ancestrais de várias das mais tradicionais famílias mineiras, como os Junqueiras, os Resendes, os Andrades, os Meirelles, os Reis, os Ferreiras, os Carneiros, para citar apenas algumas.
Houve deslocamento dos que se interessaram pela agropecuária para a região de Baependi, Aiuruoca e São Tomé das Letras, onde já havia alguns moradores. Ali, nas terras mais férteis e nos campos mais vastos e de melhor topografia, os novos habitantes encontraram melhores condições para o que pretendiam, que era desenvolverem-se na agropecuária.

Foi então que se iniciou a seleção dos cavalos que viriam a ser os Mangalarga.
O Início do Mangalarga Marchador
Uma das famílias que se instalou na região das Comarcas de Baependi e Aiuruoca foi a de Helena Maria do Espírito Santo, que se casou com João Francisco Junqueira, o patriarca da família Junqueira.
Os descendentes de Helena Maria e João Francisco, ao começarem a trocar suas atividades de mineração pela agropecuária, desenvolveram um tipo de cavalo de porte médio, bastante forte, rústico e de boa ossatura. O andamento variava do diagonalizado até o lateralizado puro.
A seleção inicial se fez principalmente visando o andamento cada vez mais cômodo, trabalho esse que veio resultar na marcha batida ou picada, conforme a localização de cada núcleo. Naqueles mais próximos à região de maior influencia da mineração a preferência era pela marcha picada. Nos mais próximos a Baependi, Aiuruoca, São Tomé das Letras, em que a atividade principal passara a ser a pecuária, havia clara preferência pela marcha batida.
O essencial, entretanto, era que o cavalo fosse rústico, confortável para o cavalheiro, frugal e esperto.

https://preview.redd.it/k7iex6zcuvp51.jpg?width=945&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=50ef5c1339cd8ecd0442097acf46f39b3051a5f0
Houve, portanto, uma seleção natural e os animais mais capazes e que atendiam os objetivos dos criadores deram os primeiros passos para o aparecimento das linhagens.
Início das Linhagens
As primeiras notícias que se têm sobre seleção e aprimoramento de cavalos são a partir de João Francisco Filho, com maior ênfase para a atuação de José Frausino, seu filho (filho e neto, respectivamente, de Helena Maria Espírito Santo e João Francisco Junqueira), que estabeleceram-se na Fazenda do Favacho.
Fazenda Campo Alegre
Propriedade do patriarca da família Junqueira, João Francisco Junqueira. Ali nasceu, em 1782, seu filho Gabriel Francisco Junqueira, depois Barão de Alfenas. Gabriel Francisco se casou com Ignácia Constança de Andrade e tiveram 10 filhos. Entre eles, dois se destacaram na criação de cavalos: Francisco Gabriel de Andrade Junqueira, chamado Chiquinho do Cafundó, de quem descendem os proprietários da Fazenda Tabatinga, e Antônio Gabriel Junqueira, da Fazenda Narciso, onde também se criaram famosos reprodutores da raça.
A Gabriel Francisco Junqueira, que continuou residindo na Fazenda Campo Alegre, é creditado o mérito de ter criado um tipo peculiar de cavalos, assim como a fixação do andamento marchador desses animais, tudo a partir de cruzamentos feitos de suas éguas com um garanhão que lhe fora presenteada pelo então Imperador do Brasil.
A tradição oral conta que em 1812, Gabriel Francisco, o Barão de Alfenas, teria sido presenteado pelo Imperador com um reprodutor da raça Alter. Gabriel Francisco teria, então, usado largamente esse reprodutor em suas éguas, daí resultando a base do que viria a ser o Mangalarga Marchador.
Apesar das controvérsias em relação a essa história, não resta a menor dúvida de que ele criava cavalos. E que Gabriel Francisco, juntamente com um sobrinho, José Frausino, se preocupou mais do que os outros com a evolução de suas montarias.
Fazenda do Favacho
Em 1828, José Frausino adquiriu para a Fazenda do Favacho um potro, chamado de Fortuna, em alusão ao alto preço pago por ele.
Fortuna foi o reprodutor que maior influência teve na fixação de um tipo, contribuindo definitivamente para a formação e fixação dos caracteres da raça Mangalarga.
A influência de Fortuna foi intensa e extensa, já que também nos animais posteriormente selecionados no Estado de São Paulo a descendência desse reprodutor foi de imensa importância.
Na Fazenda do Favacho foram gerados os Fortunas II e III. De Fortuna III, levado para São Paulo, depois de ter servido na Fazenda do Favacho por alguns anos, descendem os Fortunas IV e V, tendo voltado para a Fazenda do Favacho um descendente deles, o Armistício, que foi pai de Candidato, cavalo de imensa importância no criatório sul-mineiro em geral.
Tanto nos rebanhos de Minas Gerais, como nos de São Paulo, estes também iniciados por membros da família Junqueira, se nos detivermos numa análise genealógica, constataremos que as boas linhagens são quase todas provenientes do Fortuna.Dos Fortunas também descende Colorado, de capital importância no criatório do Mangalarga, também chamado Mangalarga Paulista.
Ainda na Fazenda Favacho, tiveram influência no correr dos anos os reprodutores: Plutão, Canadá, Duque, Calçado, Manco, Trovão, Montenegro, Jambo, Gesso, Albatroz, Fla-Flu, além dos já citados Armistício e Candidato.
Fazenda Traituba
Construída em 1831. Seu primeiro proprietário foi João Pedro Junqueira, que foi pai de João Pedro Diniz Junqueira. Uma filha deste casou-se com José Frausino Fortes Junqueira, e a partir daí a criação de cavalos tomou vulto na fazenda.
Tropa muito semelhante em tipo e aptidões à da Fazenda do Favacho, com ênfase para as qualidades funcionais do cavalo.
Garanhões que maior influência tiveram na tropa: Pégaso, Canário, Glicério, Armistício, Rádio, Rádio II, Bibelô, Beduíno, Candidato e Sátiro, sendo que este último foi para a Fazenda do Angathy, onde exerceu marcante influência.
Fazenda Campo Lindo
Fazenda Campo Lindo, de João Bráulio Fortes Junqueira (n.1837 f. 1901) e Gabriela Vitalina Diniz Junqueira.
Apaixonado pelo campo e pela pecuária, João Bráulio tornou famosa sua marca‘JB’. João Bráulio conseguiu formar tropa de grande refinamento e expressão racial, sem se descuidar das qualidades funcionais.
Pégaso, filho de Beline, serviu na Fazenda Traituba, gerando o excelente Rádio, que por sua vez gerou Sátiro, de capital importância na fixação de um tipo na Fazenda do Angathy.Da Fazenda Campo Lindo era outro reprodutor que exerceu grande influência nas tropas do Sul de Minas. Trata-se de Beline, nascido em 1901. Vejamos alguns exemplos.
No atual rebanho Herdade domina também a origem de Beline, através de Brasil e Ouro Preto JB, filhos; Londres JB, neto; Beline e Seta Caxias, bisnetos de Beline.
Clemenceau II, neto de Beline, é de uma suma importância no rebanho da Fazenda Tabatinga, já que era avô de Tabatinga Predileto e bisavô de TabatingaCossaco.
Na região de São Vicente de Minas, Beline também exerceu marcante influência. Assim é que as Fazendas Engenho de Serra, Pitangueiras, Bela Vista e Porto usaram por vários anos reprodutores ‘JB’, descendentes de Beline: Ouro Preto JB, filho de Beline; Clemenceau II JB, V-8 JF, Panchito JB e Londres JB, netos de Beline, além de Baluarte, filho de Panchito, bisneto, portanto de Beline.
Muito grande foi e é a influência dos animais da Fazenda Campo Lindo nos criatórios atuais, e muitos foram os reprodutores que continuaram na própria Campo Lindo ou influenciando outros criatórios: The Money, Farol, Rio Negro, Clemenceau I e Clemenceau II, Ouro Preto JF, Candidato, V-8, Sargento, Diamante e outros mais.
Fazenda Narciso
Criatório já extinto. Entretanto seus animais tiveram e têm marcante influência na raça Mangalarga Marchador.
Era de propriedade de Antônio Gabriel Junqueira, filho de Gabriel Francisco Junqueira, Barão de Alfenas.
Quase todas as tropas daquela época foram beneficiadas por reprodutores da Fazenda Narciso, destacando-se entre eles: Abismo, Trovador, Pretinho, Primeiro, Mussolino.
Fazenda do Angathy
Construída por volta de 1782 por José Garcia Duarte, bisavô de Cristiano dos Reis Meirelles, sob cuja influência tomou vulto na Fazenda do Angathy o criatório de cavalos.
Reprodutores que influenciaram na formação e continuidade da tropa: Bônus, Mozart, Mineiro, V-8 JF, Miron, este, filho de Sátiro, cavalo vindo da Traituba e de fundamental importância na Fazenda do Angathy, além de Salmon, Veto e Yankee.
Foi da Fazenda do Angathy um dos mais célebres reprodutores da raça, o Caxias I, nascido na Fazenda Luziana, em Leopoldina. Era também da Fazenda do Angathy o garanhão de nome Angathy, registrado sob o número 1 na Associação Brasileira dos Criadores do Cavalo Mangalarga Marchador.
Linhagens de Tradição
A partir daquelas seis linhagens iniciais, a criação dos cavalos marchadores rapidamente se espalhou pela região sul-mineira, começando a alcançar regiões mais distantes, mas todas elas, inicialmente, no Estado de Minas Gerais. Hoje, porém, já se espalhou por todo o país e por alguns paises no exterior.
Muitos outros criatórios existiram na região sul-mineira. A criação do Mangalarga Marchador se deveu basicamente ao trabalho da família Junqueira. Mas sua consolidação se fez com o trabalho de grande número de pessoas. É provável que essas pessoas talvez nem estivessem imbuídas da importância que viriam a ter os animais que criavam. Eram fazendeiros que precisavam de cavalos para o trabalho. Gostavam daqueles animais que ofereciam conforto ao cavaleiro, e os criavam. Cada qual colaborou com uma pequena parcela para a fixação dos caracteres raciais e para maior divulgação da raça.
E por que ficou o nome Mangalarga Marchador?
Há várias versões e até lendas para a denominação ‘Mangalarga’. A mais consistente, segundo pesquisadores, está relacionada com a Fazenda Mangalarga, localizada em Pati do Alferes, no Estado do Rio de Janeiro.
Seu proprietário era um rico fazendeiro que, impressionado com os cavalos da família Junqueira, adquiriu alguns exemplares de Gabriel Francisco Junqueira – o Barão de Alfenas -, fazendeiro do Sul de Minas e deputado na Corte.
Vez por outra os proprietários da Fazenda Mangalarga iam à Corte com os cavalos sul-mineiros. Quando alguém se interessava pelos animais, eles indicavam as fazendas do Sul de Minas como sendo a origem dos cavalos.
Quando os compradores iam ao Sul de Minas, pediam cavalos iguais aos da Fazenda Mangalarga. E com o tempo, esta referência acabou transformando-se em nome.
Outra versão diz respeito a um cavalo do Imperador que teria sido o pai desta raça e se chamava Mangalarga.
A terceira versão diz respeito à forma do cavalo movimentar as mãos (as patas) dianteiras, como se estivesse vestindo mangas largas.
A marcha é o diferencial do Mangalarga, que é diferente dos outros animais marchadores. A marcha, que é o passo acelerado, se caracteriza por transportar o cavaleiro de maneira cômoda, pois não transmite os impactos ocorridos com os animais de trote.
Durante a marcha, o Mangalarga Marchador descreve no ar um semicírculo com os membros anteriores e usa os posteriores como uma alavanca para ter impulso. Marchando, ele alterna os apoios nos sentidos diagonal e lateral, sempre suavizados por um tempo intermediário, o tríplice apoio, momento em que três membros do Mangalarga Marchador tocam o solo ao mesmo tempo.
A fácil atuação do Mangalarga Marchador frente a obstáculos naturais demonstra sua aptidão nata para o trabalho e esportes em geral. No enduro, os animais da raça têm valorização crescente pela comodidade da marcha, que garante conforto ao cavaleiro, e pela resistência para percorrer longas distâncias.
A Exposição Nacional, a mais importante mostra do Marchador, é realizada desde 1982 pela Associação Brasileira dos Criadores do Cavalo Mangalarga Marchador (ABCCMM), no Parque da Gameleira, em Belo Horizonte, e reúne representantes de todos os Estados. Os cerca de 300 expositores levam à pista mais de 700 animais, todos credenciados anualmente com os títulos de Campeão ou Reservado Campeão nas exposições oficializadas pela entidade em todo o país.
Associações
Em 1934 foi fundada a Associação Brasileira de Criadores de Cavalo da Raça Mangalarga (ABCCRM). Anteriormente, houve uma notável migração de parte da família Junqueira para São Paulo. Chegando em novo solo, com topografia, cultura e caça diferentes, os cavalos tiveram que se adaptar a uma nova topografia e necessidades, por isto foi mais valorizada a marcha trotada que tem apoios bipedal, pois os animais de tríplice apoio, apesar de serem mais cômodos, não conseguiam acompanhar o ritmo alucinante das caçadas e a lida com gado em campo aberto.
Devido à inevitável diferença entre os criadores de Mangalarga de São Paulo e de Minas, foi fundada em 1949 uma nova Associação, a ABCCMM. Esta Associação teve origem a partir de uma dissidência de criadores que não concordavam com os preceitos estabelecidos pela ABCCRM e teve como objetivo principal a manutenção da marcha tríplice apoiada.
Mangalarga Marchador no Guinness Book
A condição de ser um animal resistente, dócil e cômodo e com regularidade permitiu ao Mangalarga Marchador entrar para o Guinness Book, o Livro dos Recordes. Entre maio de 1991 e julho de 1993, três cavaleiros – Jorge Dias Aguiar, 64 anos, Pedro Luiz Dias Aguiar, 60 anos, e o capataz de Pedro, José Reis, 65 anos – e seis animais da raça fizeram uma cavalgada durante aqueles dois anos, entre os pontos mais distantes do Brasil, Chuí, no Rio Grande do Sul, e Oiapoque, no Amapá, pelo projeto “Brasil 14 mil”. Com o retorno a São Paulo, percorreram 19.300 quilômetros. Uma das maiores estratégias de marketing feitas com a raça, o projeto acabou transformando-se na “Cavalgada Mercosul – Projeto Brasil 14 mil”, com a inclusão da Argentina e Paraguai, totalizando 25.104 quilômetros.
Características
– Temperamento dócil
– Capacidade de percorrer longas distâncias
– Adestramento fácil e rápido
– Pode ser criado somente em regime de pasto diminuindo os custos de manutenção
Morfologia
– Cabeça triangular e pescoço piramidal
– Tronco forte com costelas bem arqueadas
– Nos membros os tendões são vigorosos e bem delineados
– Altura mínima de 1,47 e máxima de 1,57, sendo 1,52 a altura ideal

https://www.vedovatipisos.com.bnoticias-artigos/mangalarga-marchado
submitted by Vedovati_Pisos to u/Vedovati_Pisos [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 00:07 cdslab ParaMonte: Plain Powerful Parallel Monte Carlo and MCMC Library for Fortran, Python, MATLAB, C++, C

ParaMonte: Plain Powerful Parallel Monte Carlo and MCMC Library for Fortran, Python, MATLAB, C++, C
ParaMonte is a free, open-source, MIT-licensed, pure-Fortran kernel, serial and parallel MPI/Coarray library of Monte Carlo routines for sampling mathematical objective functions of arbitrary-dimensions, in particular, the posterior distributions of Bayesian models in data science, Machine Learning, and scientific inference. The library has been developed with the design goal of unifying the automation (of Monte Carlo simulations), user-friendliness (of the library), accessibility (from multiple programming environments), high-performance (at runtime), and scalability (across many parallel processors).
For information on the installation, usage, and examples, visit: https://www.cdslab.org/paramonte
submitted by cdslab to fortran [link] [comments]